Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Prevalence, risk factors and use of healthcare in depression: a survey in a large region of France between 1991 and 2005

Abstract : Objective: To compare the prevalence, risk factors, and use of care for depression between 2 periods, concerning changes in social factors and health care provision. Method: We compared data from 2 surveys carried out in a large urbanized French region (Île-de-France) 15 years apart (1991, n = 1192; 2005, n = 5308), using comparable methodology and tools. Results: The overall prevalence of depression has slightly increased over this period. In contrast, the tendency of people who claim they feel depressed has dramatically increased. At-risk populations have also changed during this period. The proportion of people consulting a psychiatrist for depression has not changed, while general practitioner (GP) consultations have decreased and psychologist consultations have increased 3-fold. Psychotropic use by people who are depressed has decreased significantly. Conclusion: The trend toward increased depressive symptoms does not correspond to an increase in depressed disorders. In a well-staffed urbanized French region, psychologists are playing a growing role in managing depression at the expense of GPs, when the use of a psychiatrist remains unchanged; decreased use of psychotropic drugs may be a consequence.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadata

https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03477519
Contributor : Colette Orange Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 2:37:13 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, December 16, 2021 - 1:31:00 PM

Links full text

Identifiers

Collections

Citation

V Kovess-Masfety, Xavier Briffault, D Sapinho. Prevalence, risk factors and use of healthcare in depression: a survey in a large region of France between 1991 and 2005. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry / La Revue Canadienne de Psychiatrie, Canadian Psychiatric Association, 2009, 54 (10), pp.701-709. ⟨10.1177/070674370905401007⟩. ⟨hal-03477519⟩

Share

Metrics

Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles