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Social origins, early hardship and obesity : a strong association in women, but not in men ?

Abstract : This study investigates the relation between early life conditions and adult obesity in France, using a rich data set collected through the 2003 nationally representative Life History Survey. No salient factor emerged in men, while in women, after controlling for current socio-demographic characteristics, a relation was found between obesity and the following factors: father's occupation (OR=3.2 for women whose father was a clerical worker, versus those whose father was in a higher-level occupation); experience of economic hardship in childhood (OR=2.0), and; high parity (OR=2.1 for parities of more than 3 versus parity of 1). Neither early family history nor mother's working status surfaced as significant factors. Those findings highlight a definite gender pattern, with a strong association between early disadvantage and obesity in women, but not in men. Potential mechanisms are discussed, particularly the "habitus", the "thrifty phenotype" and the "feast-famine" hypotheses, and possible interactions with childbearing and motherhood. An integration of social and biological perspectives is needed to reach a better understanding of the processes involved, and to achieve progress in primary and secondary prevention.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03477242
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Submitted on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 1:23:05 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 18, 2021 - 3:42:00 AM

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M Khlat, F Jusot, Isabelle Ville. Social origins, early hardship and obesity : a strong association in women, but not in men ?. Social Science and Medicine, Elsevier, 2009, 68 (9), pp.1692-1699. ⟨10.1016/j.socscimed.2009.02.024⟩. ⟨hal-03477242⟩

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