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Les débuts de la psychologie appliquée en France

Abstract : In France, applied psychology came into existence at the beginning of the nineteenth century, with Alfred Binet’s work. After the publication, in 1905, of the 1st version of his famous test, the 1st «classes de perfectionnement» (remedial classes) for retarded children were created on a trial basis. In his «laboratoire- école» (experimental school) in Grange-aux-Belles street, in Paris, Binet elaborated new teaching aids for these mentally defi cient children. Before World War I, applied psychology was also developed by Jean-Maurice Lahy who carried out researches about vocational training and psychology applied to the work place. After the war, psychology was requested to help solve the problems posed by the changing society and its scientifi c and technical changes. It was the beginning of the professionalization of applied psychology with, in 1920, the founding of the Institute of psychology by Henri Piéron which was followed, in 1924, by the 1st French laboratory in psychotechnics, created by Lahy and, in 1928, of the National Institute created to give advice on courses and careers (Institut national d’orientation professionnelle), directed by Piéron, Henri Laugier and Julien Fontègne.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 11:58:48 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, December 15, 2021 - 2:32:28 PM

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Régine Plas. Les débuts de la psychologie appliquée en France. Revista de Historia de la Psicología , Universitat de València: Departamento de Psicología Básica, 2007, pp.137-142. ⟨hal-03477040⟩

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