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Le risque de cancer du sein en France : un mode unique de prévention

Abstract : This paper concerns the study of the risk of breast cancer in France and its social consequences. It is based on historical and sociological data tracing the evolution of its prevention from the end of the 19th century to contemporary genetic predisposition tests. It shows that early screening has proved to be the best breast cancer prevention technique in a world where cure-ensuring treatments are not only slow to develop, but in which alternative methods have received little attention from the public most concerned. Based exclusively on screening, breast cancer prevention efforts in France have gradually transformed healthy individuals into asymptomatic patients — in a process of risk medicalization — and targeted groups of women into groups at risk — in a process of naturalization of the same risk. The supervisory body overseeing this situation is the work of an autonomous medical establishment that legitimizes a « lesser evil » in the absence of an effective cure.
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Contributor : Colette ORANGE Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 11:40:01 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 12:17:56 PM




Marie Ménoret. Le risque de cancer du sein en France : un mode unique de prévention. Sociologie et Sociétés, 2007, 39 (1), pp.145-160. ⟨10.7202/016936ar⟩. ⟨hal-03476945⟩



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