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Enantioselective deprotometalation of alkyl ferrocenecarboxylates using bimetallic bases

Abstract : The enantioselective deprotometalation of alkyl ferrocenecarboxylates (FcCO(2)R) using mixed lithium-zinc or lithium-cadmium bases is described. By using FcCO(2)Me as the substrate, chiral lithium alkyl-amidozincates prepared from exo-(alpha R)- or endo-(alpha S)-N-(alpha-phenylethyl)bornylamine (H-exo-born-R or H-endo-born-S) were tested; the best results (27% yield and 62% ee in favor of the R-P enantiomer) were obtained by using Bu-2(endo-born-S)ZnLi in tetrahydrofuran (THF) at -30 degrees C before iodolysis. Due to the low compatibility of FcCO(2)Me with alkyl-containing lithium zincates, 1 : 1 mixtures of lithium and zinc amides were tested. Chiral (H-exo-born-R or H-endo-born-S) or/and achiral (lithium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidide or lithium diisopropylamide) secondary amines gave good results, the best (81% yield and 44% ee in favor of the R-P enantiomer) being obtained by using (endo-born-S)(3)ZnLi in THF at room temperature. Among other secondary amines also prepared and/or tested, commercial (S,S)-bis(alpha-phenylethyl)amine (H-PEA-S) proved promising. After optimization of the reaction conditions, the best enantioselectivity (26% yield and 80% ee in favor of the RP enantiomer) was observed by treating a THF solution of FcCO(2)Me and Zn(PEA-S)(2) with Li-PEA-S at -80 degrees C before iodolysis. That no reaction took place with cadmium instead of zinc suggests the formation of 'ate complexes upon treatment of Cd(PEA-S)(2) by Li-PEA-S while Zn(PEA-S)(2) and Li-PEA-S would rather work in tandem (Li-PEA-S as the base and Zn(PEA-S)(2) as the in situ trap for the formed ferrocenyllithium). While FcCO(2)Me, FcCO(2)tBu and FcCO(2)iPr could be converted into their racemic 2-iodinated derivatives with a yield of 84 to 87% by employing LiTMP (2 equiv.) in the presence of ZnCl2.TMEDA (1 equiv.) as an in situ trap, their enantioselective deprotometalation rather required Li-PEA-S together with Zn(PEA-S)(2) to produce the enantio-enriched derivatives with yields of 45-82% and 71% ee.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03464801
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Submitted on : Friday, December 3, 2021 - 3:53:24 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 4, 2022 - 5:45:11 AM

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Gandrath Dayaker, William Erb, Madani Hedidi, Floris Chevallier, Marielle Blot, et al.. Enantioselective deprotometalation of alkyl ferrocenecarboxylates using bimetallic bases. New Journal of Chemistry, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2021, ⟨10.1039/d1nj04526a⟩. ⟨hal-03464801⟩

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