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Genome stability is guarded by yeast Rtt105 through multiple mechanisms

Abstract : Abstract Ty1 mobile DNA element is the most abundant and mutagenic retrotransposon present in the genome of the budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Protein regulator of Ty1 transposition 105 (Rtt105) associates with large subunit of RPA and facilitates its loading onto a single-stranded DNA at replication forks. Here, we dissect the role of RTT105 in the maintenance of genome stability under normal conditions and upon various replication stresses through multiple genetic analyses. RTT105 is essential for viability in cells experiencing replication problems and in cells lacking functional S-phase checkpoints and DNA repair pathways involving homologous recombination. Our genetic analyses also indicate that RTT105 is crucial when cohesion is affected and is required for the establishment of normal heterochromatic structures. Moreover, RTT105 plays a role in telomere maintenance as its function is important for the telomere elongation phenotype resulting from the Est1 tethering to telomeres. Genetic analyses indicate that rtt105Δ affects the growth of several rfa1 mutants but does not aggravate their telomere length defects. Analysis of the phenotypes of rtt105Δ cells expressing NLS-Rfa1 fusion protein reveals that RTT105 safeguards genome stability through its role in RPA nuclear import but also by directly affecting RPA function in genome stability maintenance during replication.
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Submitted on : Sunday, November 28, 2021 - 2:38:27 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:45:26 AM

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Yves Corda, Laetitia Maestroni, Pierre Luciano, Maria Najem, Vincent Géli. Genome stability is guarded by yeast Rtt105 through multiple mechanisms. Genetics, 2021, 217 (2), ⟨10.1093/genetics/iyaa035⟩. ⟨hal-03453524⟩



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