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Dissipationless zero energy epigraphene edge state for nanoelectronics

Abstract : The graphene edge state is essential for graphene electronics and fundamental in graphene theory, however it is not observed in deposited graphene. Here we report the discovery of the epigraphene edge state (EGES) in conventionally patterned epigraphene using plasma-based lithography that stabilizes and passivates the edges probably by fusing the graphene edges to the non-polar silicon carbide substrate, as expected. Transport involves a single, essentially dissipationless conductance channel at zero energy up to room temperature. The Fermi level is pinned at zero energy. The EGES does not generate a Hall voltage and the usual quantum Hall effect is observed only after subtraction of the EGES current. EGES transport is highly protected and apparently mediated by an unconventional zero-energy fermion that is half electron and half hole. Interconnected networks involving only the EGES can be patterned, opening the door to a new graphene nanoelectronics paradigm that is relevant for quantum computing.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 24, 2021 - 9:55:59 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, June 26, 2022 - 3:20:55 AM

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Vladimir Prudkovskiy, Yiran Hu, Kaimin Zhang, Yue Hu, Peixuan Ji, et al.. Dissipationless zero energy epigraphene edge state for nanoelectronics. 2021. ⟨hal-03445683⟩



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