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Transcription factors involved in stem cell maintenance are downstream of Slug/Snail2 and repressed by TGF-β in bronchial basal stem/progenitor cells from COPD

Abstract : Abstract Patients with COPD have many anomalies in their airway epithelium, and their basal stem/progenitor cells show a decrease in self-renewal and differentiation potential. The objective of this study was to identify deregulations in the genetic program of COPD bronchial basal stem/progenitor cells that could account for their exhaustion. TGF-β is found at higher levels in the lungs of COPD subjects. It has been shown to play a role in stem/progenitor cell fate and also to regulate the expression of the EMT-inducing transcription factor Slug/Snail2. In contrast to other transcription factors of the Snail family, Slug is highly expressed in basal progenitor cells, the adult stem/progenitors of human airway epithelium. We aimed at identifying genes downstream of Slug that respond to TGF-β, and whose expression is deregulated in COPD airway basal stem/progenitor cells, and could account for the decrease in count and functional ability of these cells observed in COPD. For this, we knocked down Slug in primary bronchial basal progenitor cells from COPD and normal subjects and, among the genes downstream of Slug, we selected those responding to TGF-β and differentiation. We identified 5 genes coding for transcription factors involved in stem cell maintenance that are repressed downstream of Slug and by TGF-β in COPD but not normal basal progenitor cells. Our results bring a molecular perspective to the exhaustion of airway basal stem/progenitor cells observed in COPD by revealing that stem cell maintenance genes are repressed in these cells, with TGF-β and Slug being involved in this deregulation.
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Preprints, Working Papers, ...
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03427282
Contributor : Pascale Leroy Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Saturday, November 13, 2021 - 1:17:28 PM
Last modification on : Monday, November 15, 2021 - 3:09:05 AM

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Pascale Leroy. Transcription factors involved in stem cell maintenance are downstream of Slug/Snail2 and repressed by TGF-β in bronchial basal stem/progenitor cells from COPD. 2021. ⟨hal-03427282⟩

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