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Effects of experimental warming on small phytoplankton, bacteria and viruses in autumn in the Mediterranean coastal Thau Lagoon

Abstract : To investigate the responses of a natural microbial plankton community of coastal Mediterranean waters to warming, which are still poorly known, an in situ mesocosm experiment was carried out in Thau Lagoon during autumn 2018. Several microorganisms, including virio-, bacterio-, and phytoplankton \ 10 lm in size, were monitored daily and analysed using flow cytometry for 19 consecutive days in six mesocosms. Three mesocosms (control) had the same natural water temperature as the lagoon, and the other three were warmed by ? 3°C in relation to the control temperature. The cytometric analyses revealed an unexpected community dominated by picophytoplanktonic cells, including Prochlorococcus-like and Picochlorum-like cells, which had not previously been found in Thau Lagoon. The experimental warming treatment increased the abundances of nanophytoplankton, cyanobacteria, bacteria and viruses during the experiment and triggered earlier blooms of cyanobacteria and picoeukaryotes. Only the abundance of Picochlorum-like cells was significantly reduced under warmer conditions. The growth and Handling Editor: Télesphore Sime-Ngando.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03402796
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Submitted on : Monday, October 25, 2021 - 7:57:55 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 19, 2022 - 4:10:02 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, January 26, 2022 - 10:06:37 PM

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Justine Courboulès, Vidussi Francesca, Soulié Tanguy, Mas Sébastien, Pecqueur David, et al.. Effects of experimental warming on small phytoplankton, bacteria and viruses in autumn in the Mediterranean coastal Thau Lagoon. Aquatic Ecology, Springer Verlag, 2021, ⟨10.1007/s10452-021-09852-7⟩. ⟨hal-03402796⟩

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