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WUSCHEL Overexpression Promotes Callogenesis and Somatic Embryogenesis in Medicago truncatula Gaertn

Abstract : The induction of plant somatic embryogenesis is often a limiting step for plant multiplication and genetic manipulation in numerous crops. It depends on multiple signaling developmental processes involving phytohormones and the induction of specific genes. The WUSCHEL gene (WUS) is required for the production of plant embryogenic stem cells. To explore a different approach to induce somatic embryogenesis, we have investigated the effect of the heterologous ArabidopsisWUS gene overexpression under the control of the jasmonate responsive vsp1 promoter on the morphogenic responses of Medicago truncatula explants. WUS expression in leaf explants increased callogenesis and embryogenesis in the absence of growth regulators. Similarly, WUS expression enhanced the embryogenic potential of hairy root fragments. The WUS gene represents thus a promising tool to develop plant growth regulator-free regeneration systems or to improve regeneration and transformation efficiency in recalcitrant crops.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03376501
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 13, 2021 - 3:11:22 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, October 16, 2021 - 8:59:04 AM

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Aline Kadri, Ghislaine Grenier de March, François Guerineau, Viviane Cosson, Pascal Ratet. WUSCHEL Overexpression Promotes Callogenesis and Somatic Embryogenesis in Medicago truncatula Gaertn. Plants, MDPI, 2021, 10 (4), pp.715. ⟨10.3390/plants10040715⟩. ⟨hal-03376501⟩

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