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Endogenous Mobilization of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells: A Pathway for Interorgan Communication?

Abstract : To coordinate specialized organs, inter-tissue communication appeared during evolution. Consequently, individual organs communicate their states via a vast interorgan communication network (ICN) made up of peptides, proteins, and metabolites that act between organs to coordinate cellular processes under homeostasis and stress. However, the nature of the interorgan signaling could be even more complex and involve mobilization mechanisms of unconventional cells that are still poorly described. Mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (MSCs) virtually reside in all tissues, though the biggest reservoir discovered so far is adipose tissue where they are named adipose stromal cells (ASCs). MSCs are thought to participate in tissue maintenance and repair since the administration of exogenous MSCs is well known to exert beneficial effects under several pathological conditions. However, the role of endogenous MSCs is barely understood. Though largely debated, the presence of circulating endogenous MSCs has been reported in multiple pathophysiological conditions, but the significance of such cell circulation is not known and therapeutically untapped. In this review, we discuss current knowledge on the circulation of native MSCs, and we highlight recent findings describing MSCs as putative key components of the ICN.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03375094
Contributor : Amandine Girousse Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 12, 2021 - 3:05:21 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, October 14, 2021 - 3:36:58 AM

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Amandine Girousse, Maxime Mathieu, Quentin Sastourné-Arrey, Sylvie Monferran, Louis Casteilla, et al.. Endogenous Mobilization of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells: A Pathway for Interorgan Communication?. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, Frontiers media, 2021, 8, ⟨10.3389/fcell.2020.598520⟩. ⟨hal-03375094⟩

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