Electron-proton co-acceleration on relativistic shocks in extreme-TeV blazars - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A Year : 2021

Electron-proton co-acceleration on relativistic shocks in extreme-TeV blazars

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Abstract

The multi-wavelength emission from a newly identified population of `extreme-TeV' blazars, with Compton peak frequencies around 1 TeV, is difficult to interpret with standard one-zone emission models. Large values of the minimum electron Lorentz factor and quite low magnetisation values seem to be required. We propose a scenario where protons and electrons are co-accelerated on internal or recollimation shocks inside the relativistic jet. In this situation, energy is transferred from the protons to the electrons in the shock transition layer, leading naturally to a high minimum Lorentz factor for the latter. A low magnetisation favours the acceleration of particles in relativistic shocks. The shock co-acceleration scenario provides additional constraints on the set of parameters of a standard one-zone lepto-hadronic emission model, reducing its degeneracy. Values of the magnetic field strength of a few mG and minimum electron Lorentz factors of 10^3 to 10^4, required to provide a satisfactory description of the observed spectral energy distributions of extreme blazars, result here from first principles. While acceleration on a single standing shock is sufficient to reproduce the emission of most of the extreme-TeV sources we have examined, re-acceleration on a second shock appears needed for those objects with the hardest gamma-ray spectra. Emission from the accelerated proton population, with the same number density as the electrons but in a lower range of Lorentz factors, is strongly suppressed. Satisfactory self-consistent representations were found for the most prominent representatives of this new blazar class.
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hal-03373084 , version 1 (15-11-2022)

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Andreas Zech, Martin Lemoine. Electron-proton co-acceleration on relativistic shocks in extreme-TeV blazars. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2021. ⟨hal-03373084⟩
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