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Neuroprotective role of lactate in rat neonatal hypoxia-ischemia

Abstract : Hypoxic-ischemic (HI) encephalopathy remains a major cause of perinatal mortality and chronic disability in newborns worldwide (1-6 for 1000 births). The only current clinical treatment is hypothermia, which is efficient for less than 60% of babies. Mainly considered as a waste product in the past, lactate, in addition to glucose, is increasingly admitted as a supplementary fuel for neurons and, more recently, as a signaling molecule in the brain. Our aim was to investigate the neuroprotective effect of lactate in a neonatal (seven day old) rat model of hypoxia-ischemia. Pups received intraperitoneal injection(s) of lactate (40 lmol). Size and apparent diffusion coefficients of brain lesions were assessed by magnetic resonance diffusion-weighted imaging. Oxiblot analyses and long-term behavioral studies were also conducted. A single lactate injection induced a 30% reduction in brain lesion volume, indicating a rapid and efficient neuroprotective effect. When oxamate, a lactate dehydrogenase inhibitor, was co-injected with lactate, the neuroprotection was completely abolished, highlighting the role of lactate metabolism in this protection. After three lactate injections (one per day), pups presented the smallest brain lesion volume and a complete recovery of neurological reflexes, sensorimotor capacities and long-term memory, demonstrating that lactate administration is a promising therapy for neonatal HI insult.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03366663
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Submitted on : Tuesday, October 5, 2021 - 5:35:24 PM
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Hélène Roumes, Ursule Dumont, Stéphane Sanchez, Leslie Mazuel, Jordy Blanc, et al.. Neuroprotective role of lactate in rat neonatal hypoxia-ischemia. Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 41 (2), pp.342 - 358. ⟨10.1177/0271678x20908355⟩. ⟨hal-03366663⟩

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