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Individualisation of glycaemic management in older people with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review of clinical practice guidelines recommendations

Abstract : Abstract Background Recommendations for individualised glycaemic management in older people with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have recently been provided in clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) issued by major scientific societies. The aim of this systematic review is to compare the content of these recommendations concerning health assessment, targets for glycaemic control, lifestyle management and glucose-lowering therapy across CPGs. Methods The CPGs on T2D management in people aged ≥65 years published in English after 2015 by major scientific societies were systematically reviewed in accordance with the PRISMA statement. The quality of the CPGs included was assessed using the AGREE-II tool. The recommendations for individualised glycaemic management were extracted, and their level of evidence (LOE) and strength of recommendation recorded. Results Three CPGs of high methodological quality were included, namely those from the American Diabetes Association 2020, the Endocrine Society 2019 and the Diabetes Canada Expert Committee 2018. They made 27 recommendations addressing individualised glycaemic management, a minority of which (40%) had a high LOE. Comparison of the 27 recommendations identified some discrepancies between CPGs, e.g. the individualised values of HbA1c targets. The 13 strong recommendations addressed 10 clinical messages, five of which are recommended in all three CPGs, i.e. assess health status, screen for cognitive impairment, avoid hypoglycaemia, prioritise drugs with low hypoglycaemic effects and simplify complex drug regimens. Conclusions Although there is a consensus on avoiding hypoglycaemia in older patients with T2D, significant discrepancies regarding individualised HbA1c targets exist between CPGs.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03366082
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 3:46:29 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 6, 2021 - 3:46:29 PM

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Antoine Christiaens, Séverine Henrard, Lorène Zerah, Olivia Dalleur, Isabelle Bourdel-Marchasson, et al.. Individualisation of glycaemic management in older people with type 2 diabetes: a systematic review of clinical practice guidelines recommendations. Age and Ageing, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2021, ⟨10.1093/ageing/afab157⟩. ⟨hal-03366082⟩

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