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Honeycomb Organization of Chitin Nanocrystals (ChNCs) in Nanocomposite Films of UV-Cured Waterborne Acrylated Epoxidized Soybean Oil Emulsified with ChNCs

Abstract : Stable biobased waterborne Pickering dispersions of acrylated epoxidized soybean oil (AESO) were developed using chitin nanocrystals (ChNCs) as sole emulsifier without any additives. Thin AESO-ChNC nanocomposite films were produced by UV-curing thin-coated layers of the AESO emulsion after water evaporation. The kinetics of photopolymerization was assessed by monitoring the consumption of the AESO acrylate groups by infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). The curing was faster in the presence of ChNCs, with a disappearance of the induction period observed for neat AESO. The coating of AESO droplets with a thin layer of ChNCs was confirmed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observation. SEM and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images revealed the honeycomb organization of the ChNCs inside the cured AESO-ChNC films. The mechanical, thermal and optical properties of the nanocomposite films were studied by dynamic mechanical analysis (DMA), tensile testing, differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and transmittance measurement, as a function of ChNC content. The inclusion of ChNCs is strongly beneficial to increase the stiffness and strength of the cured films, without compromising its optical transparency. The ability of ChNCs to act as an emulsifier for AESO in replacement of synthetic surfactants and their strong reinforcing effect in UV-cured films offer new opportunities to produce waterborne stable dispersions from AESO for application in biobased coatings and adhesives.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03344141
Contributor : Jean-Luc Putaux <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 14, 2021 - 4:14:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 15, 2021 - 3:30:54 AM

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Fatma Ben Cheikh, Ayman Ben Mabrouk, Albert Magnin, Christine Lancelon-Pin, Jean-Luc Putaux, et al.. Honeycomb Organization of Chitin Nanocrystals (ChNCs) in Nanocomposite Films of UV-Cured Waterborne Acrylated Epoxidized Soybean Oil Emulsified with ChNCs. Biomacromolecules, American Chemical Society, 2021, 22 (9), pp.3780 - 3790. ⟨10.1021/acs.biomac.1c00612⟩. ⟨hal-03344141⟩

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