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Deep and Spatially Controlled Volume Ablations using a Two-Photon Microscope in the Zebrafish Gastrula

Abstract : Morphogenesis involves many cell movements to organize cells into tissues and organs. For proper development, all these movements need to be tightly coordinated, and accumulating evidence suggests this is achieved, at least in part, through mechanical interactions. Testing this in the embryo requires direct physical perturbations. Laser ablations are an increasingly used option that allows relieving mechanical constraints or physically isolating two cell populations from each other. However, many ablations are performed with an ultraviolet (UV) laser, which offers limited axial resolution and tissue penetration. A method is described here to ablate deep, significant, and spatially well-defined volumes using a two-photon microscope. Ablations are demonstrated in a transgenic zebrafish line expressing the green fluorescent protein in the axial mesendoderm and used to sever the axial mesendoderm without affecting the overlying ectoderm or the underlying yolk cell. Cell behavior is monitored by live imaging before and after the ablation. The ablation protocol can be used at different developmental stages, on any cell type or tissue, at scales ranging from a few microns to more than a hundred microns.
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Contributor : Nicolas David Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 28, 2021 - 10:14:26 AM
Last modification on : Friday, April 1, 2022 - 3:44:27 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, October 29, 2021 - 6:19:44 PM


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Arthur Boutillon, Sophie Escot, Nicolas B. David. Deep and Spatially Controlled Volume Ablations using a Two-Photon Microscope in the Zebrafish Gastrula. Journal of visualized experiments : JoVE, 2021, 173, ⟨10.3791/62815⟩. ⟨hal-03303266⟩



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