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Aberrant granulosa cell-fate related to inactivated p53/Rb signaling contributes to granulosa cell tumors and to FOXL2 downregulation in the mouse ovary

Abstract : Ovarian granulosa cell tumors (GCTs) are indolent tumors of the ovary affecting women at all ages and potentially displaying late recurrence. Even if there is still little information regarding the mechanisms involved in GCT development and progression, FOXL2 would be a major tumor suppressor gene in granulosa cells. We analyzed the mechanisms underlying GCT initiation and progression by using mice with targeted expression of SV40 large T-antigen in granulosa cells (AT mouse), which develop GCTs. Consistent with patients, AT mice with developing GCTs displayed increased levels in circulating anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH), estradiol and androgens, as well as decreased FOXL2 protein abundance. Very few mice developed metastases (1 out of 30). In situ analyses revealed that GCT initiation resulted from both increased granulosa cell survival and proliferation in large antral follicles. Tumorigenesis was associated with the combined inactivation of p53 and Rb pathways, as shown by the impaired expression of respective downstream targets regulating cell apoptosis and proliferation, i.e., Bax, Bak, Gadd45a, Ccna2, Ccne1, E2f1, and Orc1. Importantly, the expression of FOXL2 was still present in newly developed GCTs and its downregulation only started during GCT growth. Collectively, our experiments provide evidence that disrupted p53/Rb signaling can drive tumor initiation and growth. This model challenges the current paradigm that impaired FOXL2 signaling is a major switch of granulosa cell tumorigenesis, albeit possibly contributing to tumor growth.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03300407
Contributor : Colette Orange <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 27, 2021 - 10:14:52 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 29, 2021 - 3:18:43 AM

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Victoria Cluzet, Marie M. Devillers, Florence Petit, Stephanie Chauvin, Charlotte M. Francois, et al.. Aberrant granulosa cell-fate related to inactivated p53/Rb signaling contributes to granulosa cell tumors and to FOXL2 downregulation in the mouse ovary. Oncogene, Nature Publishing Group, 2020, 39 (9), pp.1875-1890. ⟨10.1038/s41388-019-1109-7⟩. ⟨hal-03300407⟩

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