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The search of sequence variants using a constrained protein evolution simulation approach

Abstract : Protein engineering or candidate therapeutic peptide optimization are processes in which the identification of relevant sequence variants is critical. Starting from one amino-acid sequence, the choice of the substitutions must meet the objective of not disrupting the structure of the protein, not impacting the main functional properties of the starting entity, while also meeting the condition to enhance some expected property such as thermal stability, resistance to degradation, ... Here, we introduce a new approach of sequence evolution that focuses on the objective of not disrupting the structure of the initial protein by embedding a point to point control on the preservation of the local structure at each position in the sequence. For 6 mini-proteins, we find that, starting from a single sequence, our simple approach intrinsically contains information about site-specific rate heterogeneity of substitution, and that it is able to reproduce sequence diversity as can be observed in the sequences available in the Uniref repository. We show that our approach is able to provide information about positions not to substitute and about substitutions not to perform at a given position to maintain structure integrity. Overall, our results demonstrate that point to point preservation of the local structure along a sequence is an important determinant of sequence evolution. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03300401
Contributor : Colette Orange <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 27, 2021 - 10:14:22 AM
Last modification on : Thursday, July 29, 2021 - 3:18:44 AM

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Pierre Tuffery, Sjoerd de Vries. The search of sequence variants using a constrained protein evolution simulation approach. Computational and Structural Biotechnology Journal, Elsevier, 2020, 18, pp.1790-1799. ⟨10.1016/j.csbj.2020.06.018⟩. ⟨hal-03300401⟩

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