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Erythropoietin is a major regulator of thrombopoiesis in thrombopoietin-dependent and -independent contexts

Abstract : Thrombopoietin (TPO), through activation of its cognate receptor Mpl, is the major regulator of platelet production. However, residual platelets observed in TPO-and Mpl-loss-of-functi on (LOF) mice suggest the existence of an additional factor to TPO in platelet production. As erythropoietin (EPO) exhibited both in vitro megakaryocytic potential, in association with other early-acting cytokines, and in vivo platelet activa-tion activity, we sought to investigate its role in this setting. Here, we used multiple LOF models to decipher the reciprocal role of EPO and TPO in the regulation of plate-let production in TPO-LOF and Mpl-LOF mice and of platelet size heterogeneity in wild-type mice. We first identified EPO as the major thrombopoietic factor in the absence of the TPO-Mpl pathway. Based on the study of several mouse models we found that the EPO-EPO receptor pathway acts on late-stage megakaryopoiesis and is responsible for large-sized platelet production, while the TPO-Mpl pathway promotes small-sized platelet production. On the basis of our data, EPO might be used for thrombocytopenia supportive therapy in congenital amegakaryocytopoiesis. Further-more, as a distribution skewed toward large platelets is an independent risk factor and a poor prognosis indicator in atherothrombosis, the characterization of EPO's role in the production of large-sized platelets, if confirmed in humans, may open new perspec-tives in the understanding of the role of EPO-induced platelets in atherothrombosis. (c) 2020 ISEH - Society for Hematology and Stem Cells. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03295372
Contributor : Colette Orange <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 22, 2021 - 8:33:16 AM
Last modification on : Sunday, July 25, 2021 - 3:34:22 AM

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Salima Hacein-Bey-Abina, Machadiya Estienne, Stephanie Bessoles, Hamid Echchakir, Magali Pederzoli-Ribeil, et al.. Erythropoietin is a major regulator of thrombopoiesis in thrombopoietin-dependent and -independent contexts. Experimental Hematology, Elsevier, 2020, 88, pp.15-27. ⟨10.1016/j.exphem.2020.07.006⟩. ⟨hal-03295372⟩

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