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Specific detection of type II human chorionic gonadotropin beta subunit produced by trophoblastic and neoplastic cells

Abstract : Background: The sequence of the beta-subunit of human chorionic gonadotropin (hCG beta varies depending on whether hCG beta is encoded by type I or type II genes. Type II genes are upregulated in trophoblast and cancer but hCG beta can be detected in the serum of nonpregnant women and healthy individuals. We aimed to determine whether monoclonal antibody (mAb) FBT11-II specifically detects hCG beta encoded by type II genes (type II hCG beta). Methods: Competitive inhibition assays with synthetic peptides, immunocytochemical and immunohistochemical studies, type II hCG beta dosing immunoassays and sequencing of CGB genes were performed. Results: Competitive inhibition assays determined that mAb FBT11-II recognizes the type II hCG beta derived peptide. CGB mRNA sequencing of JEG-3 (trophoblastic) and 124 (bladder) cell lines confirmed that JEG-3 expresses type II genes while T24 expresses exclusively type I. FBT11-II only recognizes JEG-expressed hCG beta. Placenta immunohistochemical studies confirmed that type II hCG beta expression is restricted to the syncytiotrophoblast. Immunoassays detected type II hCG beta in serum of patients with either nontrophoblastic cancers or fetal Down syndrome. Conclusion: Type II gene expression can be detected using FBT11-II. This specific recognition could improve the clinical usefulness of assays aimed at either managing aggressive tumors or screening for Down syndrome. (C) 2015 Institut Curie. Published by Elsevier B.V.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03292710
Contributor : Colette Orange <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, July 20, 2021 - 3:23:49 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 3:34:55 PM

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L. Aldaz-Carroll, S. Richon, V. Dangles-Marie, M. Cocquebert, T. Fournier, et al.. Specific detection of type II human chorionic gonadotropin beta subunit produced by trophoblastic and neoplastic cells. Clinica Chimica Acta, Elsevier, 2015, 444, pp.92-100. ⟨10.1016/j.cca.2015.02.009⟩. ⟨hal-03292710⟩

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