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Functionalization and characterization of persistent luminescence nanoparticles by dynamic light scattering, laser Doppler and capillary electrophoresis

Abstract : Zinc gallate nanoparticles doped with chromium (III) (ZnGa1.995O4:Cr-0.005) are innovative persistent luminescence materials with particular optical properties allowing their use for in vivo imaging. They can be excited in the tissue transparency window by visible photons and emit light for hours after the end of the excitation. This allows to observe the probe without any time constraints and without autofluorescence signals produced by biological tissues. Modification of the surface of these nanoparticles is essential to be colloidally stable not only for cell targeting applications but also for proper distribution in living organisms. The use of different methods for controlling and characterizing the functionalization process is imperative to better understand the subsequent interactions with biological elements. This work explores for the first time the characterization and optimization of a classic functionalization sequence, starting with hydroxyl groups (ZGO-OH) at the nanoparticle surface, followed by an aminosilane-functionalization intermediate stage (ZGO-NH2) before PEGylation (ZGO-PEG). Dynamic light scattering and laser doppler electrophoresis were used in combination with capillary electrophoresis to characterize the nanoparticle functionalization processes and control their colloidal and chemical stability. The hydrodynamic diameter, zeta potential, electrophoretic mobility, stability over time and aggregation state of persistent luminescence nanoparticles under physiological-based solution conditions have been studied for each functional state. Additionally, a new protocol to improve ZGO-NH2 stability based on a thermal treatment to complete covalent binding of (3-aminopropyl) triethoxysilane onto the particle surface has been optimized. This thorough control increases our knowledge on these nanoparticles for subsequent toxicological studies and ultimately medical application. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03290598
Contributor : Colette Orange <>
Submitted on : Monday, July 19, 2021 - 1:42:12 PM
Last modification on : Friday, July 23, 2021 - 3:53:01 AM

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Gonzalo Ramirez-Garcia, Fanny d'Orlye, Silvia Gutierrez-Granados, Minerva Martinez-Alfaro, Nathalie Mignet, et al.. Functionalization and characterization of persistent luminescence nanoparticles by dynamic light scattering, laser Doppler and capillary electrophoresis. Colloids and Surfaces B: Biointerfaces, Elsevier, 2015, 136, pp.272-281. ⟨10.1016/j.colsurfb.2015.09.022⟩. ⟨hal-03290598⟩

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