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Resurrection of Ancestral Malate Dehydrogenases Reveals the Evolutionary History of Halobacterial Proteins : Deciphering Gene Trajectories and Changes in Biochemical Properties

Abstract : Extreme halophilic Archaea thrive in high salt, where, through proteomic adaptation, they cope with the strong osmolarity and extreme ionic conditions of their environment. In spite of wide fundamental interest, however, studies providing insights into this adaptation are scarce, because of practical difficulties inherent to the purification and characterization of halophilic enzymes. In this work, we describe the evolutionary history of malate dehydrogenases (MalDH) within Halobacteria (a class of the Euryarchaeota phylum). We resurrected nine ancestors along the inferred halobacterial MalDH phylogeny, including the Last Common Ancestral MalDH of Halobacteria (LCAHa) and compared their biochemical properties with those of five modern halobacterial MalDHs. We monitored the stability of these various MalDHs, their oligomeric states and enzymatic properties, as a function of concentration for different salts in the solvent. We found that a variety of evolutionary processes such as amino acid replacement, gene duplication, loss of MalDH gene and replacement owing to horizontal transfer resulted in significant differences in solubility, stability and catalytic properties between these enzymes in the three Halobacteriales, Haloferacales and Natrialbales orders since the LCAHa MalDH.We also showed how a stability trade-off might favor the emergence of new properties during adaptation to diverse environmental conditions. Altogether, our results suggest a new view of halophilic protein adaptation in Archaea.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03231689
Contributor : Manolo Gouy <>
Submitted on : Friday, May 21, 2021 - 9:42:56 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 26, 2021 - 3:16:29 AM

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Samuel Blanquart, Mathieu Groussin, Aline Le Roy, Gergely Szöllosi, Eric Girard, et al.. Resurrection of Ancestral Malate Dehydrogenases Reveals the Evolutionary History of Halobacterial Proteins : Deciphering Gene Trajectories and Changes in Biochemical Properties. Molecular Biology and Evolution, Oxford University Press (OUP), In press, ⟨10.1093/molbev/msab146⟩. ⟨hal-03231689⟩

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