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Should we consider day-2 and day-3 embryo morphology before day-5 transfer when blastocysts reach a similar good quality?

C Herbemont S Sarandi J Boujenah I Cedrin-Durnerin N Sermondade A Vivot 1 C Poncelet M Grynberg 2 C Sifer 
1 CRESS - U1153 - Equipe 5 : METHODS - Méthodes de l’évaluation thérapeutique des maladies chroniques
UPD5 - Université Paris Descartes - Paris 5, CRESS (U1153 / UMR_A_1125 / UMR_S_1153) - Centre de Recherche Épidémiologie et Statistique Sorbonne Paris Cité
Abstract : Clinical outcomes of 291 day-5 blastocyst transfers carried out between January 2012 and March 2016 were retrospectively compared according to their quality at day 2 and 3. Inclusion criteria were female age younger than 37 years; first or second IVF and intracytoplasmic sperm injection cycle; quality of the transferred blastocyst: blastocoele B3 or higher; inner-cell-mass A/B; trophectoderm A/B; and known implantation outcome for each transferred blastocyst. Blastocysts were classified into good-quality and poor-quality embryo groups at day 2 and 3. Implantation (38.7% versus 41.4), clinical pregnancy (40.3% versus 45.9%), miscarriage (22.2% versus 26.7%;) and live birth rates (37.4% versus 38.8%) were comparable in day 2 good and poor-quality embryo groups. No signficiant differences in morphology of transferred blastocysts at day 3 were found. Multivariable analysis highlighted that poor or good embryo quality at day 2 and day 3 were not predictive of the implantation of good-quality blastocysts (at day 2: adjusted odds ratio = 0.82 CI 95% 0.49 to 1.38; at day 3: adjusted odds ratio = 1.39; CI 95% 0.77 to 2.52). Good-quality blastocyst transfer should, therefore, be carried out irrespective of embryo quality at cleavage stage, as it may not compromise success rates in a good-prognosis population. (C) 2017 Reproductive Healthcare Ltd. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
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C Herbemont, S Sarandi, J Boujenah, I Cedrin-Durnerin, N Sermondade, et al.. Should we consider day-2 and day-3 embryo morphology before day-5 transfer when blastocysts reach a similar good quality?. Reproductive BioMedicine Online, Elsevier, 2017, 35 (5), pp.521-528. ⟨10.1016/j.rbmo.2017.07.014⟩. ⟨hal-03108255⟩



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