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GnRH regulates the expression of its receptor accessory protein SET in pituitary gonadotropes

Abstract : Reproductive function is under the control of the neurohormone GnRH, which activates a G-protein-coupled receptor (GnRHR) expressed in pituitary gonadotrope cells. GnRHR activates a complex signaling network to regulate synthesis and secretion of the two gonadotropin hormones, luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone, both regulating gametogenesis and steroidogenesis in gonads. Recently, in an attempt to identify the mechanisms underlying GnRHR signaling plasticity, we identified the first interacting partner of GnRHR, the proto-oncogene SET. We showed that SET binds to intracellular domains of GnRHR to enhance its coupling to cAMP pathway in alpha T3-1 gonadotrope cells. Here, we demonstrate that SET protein is rapidly regulated by GnRH, which increases SET phosphorylation state and decreases dose-dependently SET protein level. Our results highlight a post-translational regulation of SET protein involving the proteasome pathway. We determined that SET phosphorylation upon GnRH stimulation is mediated by PKC and that PKC mediates GnRH-induced SET down-regulation. Phosphorylation on serine 9 targets SET for degradation into the proteasome. Furthermore, a non-phosphorylatable SET mutant on serine 9 is resistant to GnRH-induced down-regulation. Altogether, these data suggest that GnRH-induced SET phosphorylation on serine 9 mediates SET protein down-regulation through the proteasome pathway. Noteworthy, SET down-regulation was also observed in response to pulsatile GnRH stimulation in L beta T2 gonadotrope cells as well as in vivo in prepubertal female mice supporting its physiological relevance. In conclusion, this study highlights a regulation of SET protein by the neurohormone GnRH and identifies some of the mechanisms involved.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03105445
Contributor : Colette Orange <>
Submitted on : Monday, January 11, 2021 - 10:14:11 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, January 13, 2021 - 3:25:09 AM

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C Avet, C Denoyelle, D l'Hote, F Petit, Cj Guigon, et al.. GnRH regulates the expression of its receptor accessory protein SET in pituitary gonadotropes. PLoS ONE, Public Library of Science, 2018, 13, ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0201494⟩. ⟨hal-03105445⟩

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