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Transconductance quantization in a topological Josephson tunnel junction circuit

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Abstract

Superconducting circuits incorporating Josephson tunnel junctions are widely used for fundamental research as well as for applications in fields such as quantum information and magnetometry. The quantum coherent nature of Josephson junctions makes them especially suitable for metrology applications. Josephson junctions suffice to form two sides of the quantum metrology triangle, relating frequency to either voltage or current, but not its base, which directly links voltage to current. We propose a five Josephson tunnel junction circuit in which simultaneous pumping of flux and charge results in quantized transconductance in units $4e^2/h = 2e/\Phi_0$, the ratio between the Cooper pair charge and the flux quantum. The Josephson quantized Hall conductance device (JHD) is explained in terms of intertwined Cooper pair pumps driven by the AC Josephson effect. We discuss the experimental implementation as well as optimal configuration of external parameters and possible sources of error. JHD has a rich topological structure and demonstrates that Josephson tunnel junctions are universal, capable of interrelating frequency, voltage, and current via fundamental constants.

Dates and versions

hal-03097285 , version 1 (05-01-2021)

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L. Peyruchat, J. Griesmar, J. -D. Pillet, Ç. Ö. Girit. Transconductance quantization in a topological Josephson tunnel junction circuit. 2021. ⟨hal-03097285⟩
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