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New fossil genus and new extant species of diatoms (Stephanodiscaceae, Bacillariophyceae) from Pleistocene sediments in the Neotropics (Guatemala, Central America): adaptation to a changing environment?

Abstract : Several taxa of Stephanodiscaceae were found in the upper section of Pleistocene sediments from Lake Petén-Itzá (Guatemala). A new fossil genus Cyclocostis gen. nov. and new extant Discostella gabinii sp. nov. are described. Cyclocostis is characterized by a strongly tangentially undulated valve surface, coarse unequal striation reaching a central punctum in the valve center, an absence of central lamina and domed criba, widely open alveoli with one median recessed costa bearing marginal fultoportulae and a single rimoportula all within a ring. A single valve face fultoportula is present on the raised part of the valve opposite the rimoportula. Differences relative to similar genera and the delimitation of a new genus are discussed. Discostella gabinii sp. nov. is distinguished by circular and flat valves, a small central area bearing 5 to >30 scattered large areolae giving a colliculate appearance, medium sized alveoli, marginal fultoportulae on every 4-5th costa, a single rimoportula and internal smooth valve centre. Differences to similar taxa in the genus Discostella are discussed. The succession of Cyclotella, Discostella and Cyclocostis species in our record could represent eco-phenotypic responses to particular environmental stress/change.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03079534
Contributor : Christine Pailles <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 17, 2020 - 11:40:21 AM
Last modification on : Saturday, December 19, 2020 - 3:04:22 AM

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Christine Paillès, Florence Sylvestre, Alain Tonetto, Jean-Charles Mazur,, Sandrine Conrod. New fossil genus and new extant species of diatoms (Stephanodiscaceae, Bacillariophyceae) from Pleistocene sediments in the Neotropics (Guatemala, Central America): adaptation to a changing environment?. European Journal of Taxonomy, Consortium of European Natural History Museums, 2020. ⟨hal-03079534⟩

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