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Polymorphism of V-amylose cocrystallized with aliphatic diols

Abstract : Chain-folded lamellar crystalline complexes of amylose with aliphatic diols were prepared and characterized by transmission electron microscopy as well as electron and X-ray diffraction. Four allomorphs were identified, depending on the complexing diol and crystallization conditions, that consisted of orthorhombic lattices of antiparallel 6- or 7-fold amylose single helices. Straight-chain n-diols (ethane-1,2-diol, butane-1,4-diol, hexane-1,6-diol) yielded 6-fold helical complexes regardless the length of the linear chain, whereas a bulkier branched diol (2-methylpentane-2,4-diol) induced the formation of 7-fold helices. Butane-1,3-diol, that contains a straight carbon chain with one end and one side hydroxyl group, induced both 6- and 7-fold helical conformations depending on the crystallization conditions. When a diol induced more than one allomorph, an adequate control of its concentration and crystallization temperature allowed targeting a specific crystalline form. Upon drying, all allomorphs were converted into more compact pseudo-hexagonal structures. The dried form of a given complex generally retained the same helical conformation as the hydrated one.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03078736
Contributor : Jean-Luc Putaux <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 16, 2020 - 7:08:47 PM
Last modification on : Friday, June 11, 2021 - 5:22:03 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, March 17, 2021 - 8:08:07 PM

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Cong Anh Khanh Le, Luc Choisnard, Denis Wouessidjewe, Jean-Luc Putaux. Polymorphism of V-amylose cocrystallized with aliphatic diols. Polymer, Elsevier, 2021, 213, pp.123302. ⟨10.1016/j.polymer.2020.123302⟩. ⟨hal-03078736⟩

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