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Energy Cascade Rate Measured in a Collisionless Space Plasma with MMS Data and Compressible Hall Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence Theory

Abstract : The first complete estimation of the compressible energy cascade rate |εC| at magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) and sub-ion scales is obtained in the Earth's magnetosheath using Magnetospheric MultiScale (MMS) spacecraft data and an exact law derived recently for compressible Hall MHD turbulence. A multi-spacecraft technique is used to compute the velocity and magnetic gradients, and then all the correlation functions involved in the exact relation. It is shown that when the density fluctuations are relatively small, |εC| identifies well with its incompressible analogue |εI| at MHD scales but becomes much larger than |εI| at sub-ion scales. For larger density fluctuations, |εC| is larger than |εI| at every scale with a value significantly higher than for smaller density fluctuations. Our study reveals also that for both small and large density fluctuations, the non-flux terms remain always negligible with respect to the flux terms and that the major contribution to |εC| at sub-ion scales comes from the compressible Hall flux.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03043481
Contributor : Fouad Sahraoui <>
Submitted on : Thursday, December 10, 2020 - 12:16:41 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, January 26, 2021 - 3:17:31 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, March 11, 2021 - 7:26:38 PM

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N. Andrés, F. Sahraoui, Sebastien Galtier, L. Z. Hadid, R. Ferrand, et al.. Energy Cascade Rate Measured in a Collisionless Space Plasma with MMS Data and Compressible Hall Magnetohydrodynamic Turbulence Theory. Physical Review Letters, American Physical Society, 2019, 123 (24), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.123.245101⟩. ⟨hal-03043481⟩

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