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Lire la littérature dans une langue première ou dans une langue seconde: une étude expérimentale des effets de la fiction littéraire sur l’empathie

Abstract : In this experimental study, we assumed that the difference found by Kidd and Castano (2013) between the impacts in reading popular fiction vs. literature on measuring empathy corresponded to one reality. Moreover, we learnt from Costa and his team that presenting a problem in a second language stimulates participants to rational or logical responses much more than the same presentation in the native language. We present here the results of two experiments that we submitted to both Italian and French participants. To test our hypotheses we constructed two versions of Camus’s short story, The Adulterous Woman, the first one increased the expression of subjectivity in the text (subjective version), and the second one reduced it (objective version). We presented these two versions of Camus’s text to different groups of French and Italian participants and, after having read it, we asked them a series of experimental items designed from the critical literature reviewed. The reading of the two experiments’ results show us that, on the one hand, reading a fictional text has an impact on the measurement of empathy and that, on the other hand, the mother tongue factor vs. second language factor is very important because the impact of reading fiction on empathy is evident only when the text is read in the mother tongue.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03041162
Contributor : Anne Reboul <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 7, 2021 - 2:59:34 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 10, 2021 - 2:09:25 PM

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Michele Costagliola d'Abele, Jana Altmanova, Anne Cheylus, Zoé Cayol, Anne Reboul. Lire la littérature dans une langue première ou dans une langue seconde: une étude expérimentale des effets de la fiction littéraire sur l’empathie. Annali dell'Istituto universitario orientale di Napoli. Sezione romanza, 2020. ⟨hal-03041162⟩

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