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An alternative spliced form of FosB is a negative regulator of transcriptional activation and transformation by Fos proteins.

Abstract : Two forms of FosB transcript and their products can be identified in mouse NIH 3T3 cells following serum induction. The larger RNA codes for a 338-amino acid protein, whereas the smaller RNA results from the removal of an additional 140 nucleotides from FosB mRNA by alternative splicing. This alternative splicing event places a stop codon following the "leucine zipper" region and results in a shorter protein (FosB2) of 237 amino acids that lacks 101 amino acids at the carboxyl terminus. FosB2 is able to form heterodimers with c-Jun and bind to an AP-1 site but is not able to activate the transcription of promoters containing AP-1 sites. Furthermore, FosB2 can not only suppress the transcriptional activation by c-Fos and c-Jun of promoters containing an AP-1 site but also interferes with the transforming potential of viral and cellular Fos proteins. We propose that FosB2 protein functions as a trans-negative regulator.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03028954
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Submitted on : Friday, November 27, 2020 - 6:42:38 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, May 31, 2022 - 10:20:16 AM

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J. Yen, R. Wisdom, I. Tratner, I. Verma. An alternative spliced form of FosB is a negative regulator of transcriptional activation and transformation by Fos proteins.. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, National Academy of Sciences, 1991, 88 (12), pp.5077-5081. ⟨10.1073/pnas.88.12.5077⟩. ⟨hal-03028954⟩

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