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Fluorescence emitted by Papanicolaou-stained urothelial cells improves sensitivity of urinary conventional cytology for detection of urothelial tumors

Abstract : Background: Urinary conventional cytology (UCCy) is easy to perform, but its low sensitivity, especially for low-grade urothelial neoplasms (LGUNs), limits its indications in the management of patients at risk of bladder cancer. The authors aim at obtaining a complementary test that would effectively increase the sensitivity of UCCy on voided urines by analyzing fluorescence of Papanicolaou-stained urothelial cells with no change of method in slide preparation. Methods: In this retrospective study of 155 patients, 91 Papanicolaou-stained voided urines were considered satisfactory under fluorescence microscopy (FMi). The results of FMi were compared with UCCy (using transmission microscopy) and correlated to cystoscopy, histology and follow-up data. Results: The results are given for all patients and for two groups of them according to the patients' main complaints (group 1: 33 patients followed up for a previously treated bladder tumor; group 2: 58 patients with persistent urinary symptoms). Overall negative predictive value (NPV) and sensitivity of FMi were 100% vs. 73.7% and 64.3% respectively for UCCy (P = 0.0001). Sensitivity of FMi for LGUN was unexpectedly high with a value of 100% vs. 46.2% for UCCy (P = 0.0002). FMi was significantly superior to UCCy for detecting urothelial tumors in every group of patients and would allow a better characterization of atypical urothelial cells (AUCs) defined by the Paris System for Reporting Urine Cytology (TPS). Conclusions: Because of its sensitivity and NPV of 100%, FMi could complement UCCy to screen voided urines allowing a better detection of primary urothelial tumors or early recurrences of previously treated urothelial carcinoma. Moreover, this "dual screening" would allow completing efficiently cystoscopy to detect flat dysplasia, carcinoma in situ (CIS) and extra bladder carcinoma.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03021752
Contributor : Marie Pierre Fontaine-Aupart Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Tuesday, November 24, 2020 - 2:43:32 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:03:33 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, February 25, 2021 - 8:10:42 PM

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Kinan Alsibai, Ghislaine Daste, Sophie Ferlicot, Monique Fabre, Karine Steenkeste, et al.. Fluorescence emitted by Papanicolaou-stained urothelial cells improves sensitivity of urinary conventional cytology for detection of urothelial tumors. World Journal of Oncology, 2020, 11 (5), pp.204-215. ⟨10.14740/wjon1305⟩. ⟨hal-03021752⟩

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