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Genetic engineering of hoxb8 immortalized hematopoietic progenitors: a potent tool to study macrophage tissue migration

Abstract : Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) are detrimental in most cancers. Controlling their recruitment is thus potentially therapeutic. We showed that TAM perform the protease-dependent mesenchymal migration in cancer, while macrophages perform amoeboid migration in other tissues. Inhibition of mesenchymal migration correlates with decreased TAM infiltration and tumor growth, providing rationale for a new cancer immunotherapy specifically targeting TAM motility. To identify new effectors of mesenchymal migration, we produced ER-Hoxb8-immortalized hematopoietic progenitors with unlimited proliferative ability. The functionality of macrophages differentiated from ER-Hoxb8 progenitors was compared to bone marrow-derived macrophages (BMDM). They polarized into M1- and M2-orientated macrophages, generated ROS, ingested particles, formed podosomes, degraded the extracellular matrix, adopted amoeboid and mesenchymal migration in 3D, and infiltrated tumor explants ex vivo using mesenchymal migration. We also used the CRISPR/Cas9 system to disrupt gene expression of a known effector of mesenchymal migration, WASP, to provide a proof of concept. We observed impaired podosome formation and mesenchymal migration capacity, thus recapitulating the phenotype of BMDM isolated from Wasp-KO mice. Thus, we validate the use of Hoxb8-macrophages as a potent tool to investigate macrophage functionalities.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03018738
Contributor : Colette Orange <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2020 - 9:38:42 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 2, 2021 - 1:49:08 PM

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Solene Accarias, Thibaut Sanchez, Arnaud Labrousse, Myriam Ben-Neji, Aurélien Boyance, et al.. Genetic engineering of hoxb8 immortalized hematopoietic progenitors: a potent tool to study macrophage tissue migration. Journal of Cell Science, Company of Biologists, 2020, 133 (5), pp.jcs236703. ⟨10.1242/jcs.236703⟩. ⟨hal-03018738⟩

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