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What is the nature of the reach-and-grasp deficit in glaucoma?

Abstract : Purpose: Vision plays an important role in planning and executing manual prehension (reaching and grasping). We assess the impact of glaucoma on motor production, as a function of the visual exploration time available to the patients. Methods: We compared performance in two reach and grasp tasks determined by whether or not the participants (16 glaucoma patients, 14 age-matched and 18 young controls) had time to explore the objects before reaching and grasping a target object defined by its color. Results: Differences were observed between glaucoma patients and age-matched controls on movement duration and peak velocity (reaching phase) only when participants were not provided time to look at the objects before the movement (immediate condition). Conclusions: Glaucoma patients exhibited a motor disorder (grasping phase) only when they had no time to explore their environment before performing the reach-and-grasp task. The motor abnormalities in reaching phase observed in glaucoma patient in previous studies seem to result from difficulties in target identification rather than from visuo-motor deficits. From a clinical point of view, motor performances of glaucoma patients could be modulated by task, especially by temporal constraints of task.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03018722
Contributor : Muriel Boucart Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2020 - 9:31:48 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 11:04:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, February 24, 2021 - 6:27:48 PM

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Xavier Corveleyn, Quentin Lenoble, Jean Francois Rouland, Muriel Boucart. What is the nature of the reach-and-grasp deficit in glaucoma?. Journal of Glaucoma, Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2020, ⟨10.1097/IJG.0000000000001555⟩. ⟨hal-03018722⟩

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