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Small-Angle x-ray scattering and crystallographic studies of arcelin-1: An insecticidal lectin-like glycoprotein fromPhaseolus vulgaris L

Abstract : Arcelin-1 and ␣-amylase in-hibitor are two lectin-like glycoproteins expressed in the seeds of the kidney bean (Phaseolus vulgaris). They display insecticidal activities and protect the seeds from predation by larvae of various bruchids through different biological actions. Solution-state investigations by small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) show the dimeric structure of arcelin-1, a requirement for its hemagglutinating properties. Anions were found to have specific properties in their effectiveness to disrupt protein aggregates, affect solubility, and improve crys-tallizability. The SAXS results were used to improve crystallization conditions, and single crystals diffracting beyond 1.9 Å resolution were obtained. X-ray diffraction data analysis shows that noncrystallographic symmetry-related arcelin-1 molecules form a lectin-like dimer and reveals the presence of a solvent-exposed anion binding site on the protein, at a crystal-packing interface. The solution state properties of arcelin-1 and crystal twinning may be explained by the anion specificity of this binding site.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-03004639
Contributor : Lionel Mourey <>
Submitted on : Friday, November 20, 2020 - 4:48:11 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 16, 2021 - 12:32:02 PM

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Lionel Mourey, Jean-Denis Pedelacq, Christine Fabre, Henri Causse, Pierre Rougé, et al.. Small-Angle x-ray scattering and crystallographic studies of arcelin-1: An insecticidal lectin-like glycoprotein fromPhaseolus vulgaris L. Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics, Wiley, 1997, 29 (4), pp.433-442. ⟨10.1002/(sici)1097-0134(199712)29:4<433::aid-prot4>3.0.co;2-9⟩. ⟨hal-03004639⟩

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