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Phosphorylation of the microtubule-severing AAA+ enzyme Katanin regulates C. elegans embryo development

Abstract : The evolutionarily conserved microtubule (MT)-severing AAA-ATPase enzyme Katanin is emerging as a critical regulator of MT dynamics. In Caenorhabditis elegans, Katanin MT-severing activity is essential for meiotic spindle assembly but is toxic for the mitotic spindle. Here we analyzed Katanin dynamics in C. elegans and deciphered the role of Katanin phosphorylation in the regulation of its activity and stability. Katanin is abundant in oocytes, and its levels drop after meiosis, but unexpectedly, a significant fraction is present throughout embryogenesis, where it is dynamically recruited to the centrosomes and chromosomes during mitosis. We show that the minibrain kinase MBK-2, which is activated during meiosis, phosphorylates Katanin at multiple serines. We demonstrate unequivocally that Katanin phosphorylation at a single residue is necessary and sufficient to target Katanin for proteasomal degradation after meiosis, whereas phosphorylation at the other sites only inhibits Katanin ATPase activity stimulated by MTs. Our findings suggest that cycles of phosphorylation and dephosphorylation fine-tune Katanin level and activity to deliver the appropriate MT-severing activity during development.
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Contributor : Nicolas Joly Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, November 18, 2020 - 9:11:03 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, September 20, 2022 - 12:02:06 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Friday, February 19, 2021 - 6:28:46 PM


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Nicolas Joly, Eva Beaumale, Lucie van Hove, Lisa Martino, Lionel Pintard. Phosphorylation of the microtubule-severing AAA+ enzyme Katanin regulates C. elegans embryo development. Journal of Cell Biology, Rockefeller University Press, 2020, 219 (6), ⟨10.1083/jcb.201912037⟩. ⟨hal-03011242⟩



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