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Journal Articles Earth-Science Reviews Year : 2020

The deglaciation of the Americas during the Last Glacial Termination

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Chris Stokes
  • Function : Author
Brenda Hall
  • Function : Author
Andrew Hein
Jon Riedel
  • Function : Author
Mathias Vuille

Abstract

This paper reviews current understanding of deglaciation in North, Central and South America from the Last Glacial Maximum to the beginning of the Holocene. Together with paleoclimatic and paleoceanographic data, we compare and contrast the pace of deglaciation and the response of glaciers to major climate events. During the Global Last Glacial Maximum (GLGM, 26.5-19 ka), average temperatures decreased 4°to 8°C in the Americas, but precipitation varied strongly throughout this large region. Many glaciers in North and Central America achieved their maximum extent during the GLGM, whereas others advanced even farther during the subsequent Heinrich Stadial 1 (HS-1). Glaciers in the Andes also expanded during the GLGM, but that advance was not the largest, except on Tierra del Fuego. HS-1 (17.5-14.6 ka) was a time of general glacier thickening and advance throughout most of North and Central America, and in the tropical Andes; however, glaciers in the temperate and subpolar Andes thinned and retreated during this period. During the Bølling-Allerød interstadial (B-A, 14.6-12.9 ka), glaciers retreated throughout North and Central America and, in some cases, completely disappeared. Many glaciers advanced during the Antarctic Cold Reversal (ACR, 14.6-12.9 ka) in the tropical Andes and Patagonia. There were small advances of glaciers in North America, Central America and in northern
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Dates and versions

hal-02627368 , version 1 (15-12-2020)

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David Palacios, Chris Stokes, Fred Phillips, John Clague, Jesús Alcalá-Reygosa, et al.. The deglaciation of the Americas during the Last Glacial Termination. Earth-Science Reviews, 2020, 203, pp.103113. ⟨10.1016/j.earscirev.2020.103113⟩. ⟨hal-02627368⟩
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