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Seeds of Life in Space (SOLIS). VII. Discovery of a cold dense methanol blob toward the L1521F VeLLO system

C. Favre 1, * C. Vastel 2 I. Jimenez-Serra 3 D. Quenard 4 P. Caselli 5 C. Ceccarelli 1 A. Chacon-Tanarro 6 F. Fontani 7 J. Holdship 8 Y Oya 9 A. Punanova 6 N Sakai 10 S. Spezzano 6 S Yamamoto 9 R. Neri 11 A. López-Sepulcre 1 F Alves 5 R. Bachiller 12 N. Balucani 13 E. Bianchi 1 L. Bizzocchi 14 C. Codella 15 E. Caux 16 M. de Simone 1 J Enrique Romero 1 F. Dulieu 17 S. Feng 5 A Jaber Al-Edhari 1 J. Ospina-Zamudio 1 J. Pineda 18 L. Podio 15 A. Rimola 19 D Segura-Cox 5 Ian R Sims 20 V. Taquet 15 L. Testi 21 P. Theule 22 P. Ugliengo 23 A. Vasyunin 24 F. Vazart 1 S. Viti 8 A Witzel 1 
Abstract : Aims. The SOLIS (Seeds Of Life In Space) IRAM/NOEMA Large Program aims at studying a set of crucial complex organic molecules in a sample of sources, with well-known physical structure, covering the various phases of Solar-type star formation. One representative object of the transition from the prestellar core to the protostar phases has been observed toward the Very Low Luminosity Object (VeLLO) called L1521F. This type of source is important to study to make the link between prestellar cores and Class 0 sources and also to constrain the chemical evolution during the process of star formation. Methods. Two frequency windows (81.6-82.6 GHz and 96.65-97.65 GHz) were used to observe the emission from several complex organics toward the L1521F VeLLO. These setups cover transitions of ketene (H 2 CCO), propyne (CH 3 CCH), formamide (NH 2 CHO), methoxy (CH 3 O), methanol (CH 3 OH), dimethyl ether (CH 3 OCH 3) and methyl formate (HCOOCH 3). Results. Only 2 transitions of methanol (A + , E 2) have been detected in the narrow window centered at 96.7 GHz (with an upper limit on E 1) in a very compact emission blob (∼ 7 corresponding to ∼ 1000 au) toward the NorthEast of the L1521F protostar. The CS 2-1 transition is also detected within the WideX bandwidth. Consistently, with what has been found in prestellar cores, the methanol emission appears ∼1000 au away from the dust peak. The location of the methanol blob coincides with one of the filaments previously reported in the literature. The excitation temperature of the gas inferred from methanol is (10±2) K, while the H 2 gas density (estimated from the detected CS 2-1 emission and previous CS 5-4 ALMA observations) is a factor >25 higher than the density in the surrounding environment (n(H 2) ≥10 7 cm −3). Conclusions. From its compactness, low excitation temperature and high gas density, we suggest that the methanol emission detected with NOEMA is i) either a cold and dense shock-induced blob, recently formed (≤ few hundred years) by infalling gas or ii) a cold and dense fragment that may have just been formed as a result of the intense gas dynamics found within the L1521F VeLLO system.
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 6, 2022 - 4:18:43 PM
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C. Favre, C. Vastel, I. Jimenez-Serra, D. Quenard, P. Caselli, et al.. Seeds of Life in Space (SOLIS). VII. Discovery of a cold dense methanol blob toward the L1521F VeLLO system. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, 2020, 635, pp.A189. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201937297⟩. ⟨hal-02565908v2⟩

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