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Seeds of Life in Space (SOLIS). VII. Discovery of a cold dense methanol blob toward the L1521F VeLLO system

C. Favre 1 C. Vastel 2 I. Jimenez-Serra 3 D. Quenard 4 P. Caselli 5 C. Ceccarelli 1 A. Chacon-Tanarro 6 F. Fontani 7 J. Holdship 8 Y Oya A. Punanova 6 N Sakai S. Spezzano 6 S Yamamoto R. Neri 9 A. López-Sepulcre 1 F Alves R. Bachiller N. Balucani 10 E. Bianchi 1 L. Bizzocchi 11 C. Codella 12 E. Caux 13 M. de Simone 1 J Romero 1 F. Dulieu 14 S. Feng 15 A Al-Edhari 1 J. Ospina-Zamudio 1 J. Pineda 16 L. Podio 12 A. Rimola 17 D Segura-Cox Ian R Sims 18 V. Taquet L. Testi 19 P. Theule 20 P. Ugliengo 21 A. Vasyunin 22 F. Vazart 1 S. Viti A Witzel
Abstract : Aims. The SOLIS (Seeds Of Life In Space) IRAM/NOEMA Large Program aims at studying a set of crucial complex organic molecules in a sample of sources, with well-known physical structure, covering the various phases of Solar-type star formation. One representative object of the transition from the prestellar core to the protostar phases has been observed toward the Very Low Luminosity Object (VeLLO) called L1521F. This type of source is important to study to make the link between prestellar cores and Class 0 sources and also to constrain the chemical evolution during the process of star formation. Methods. Two frequency windows (81.6-82.6 GHz and 96.65-97.65 GHz) were used to observe the emission from several complex organics toward the L1521F VeLLO. These setups cover transitions of ketene (H 2 CCO), propyne (CH 3 CCH), formamide (NH 2 CHO), methoxy (CH 3 O), methanol (CH 3 OH), dimethyl ether (CH 3 OCH 3) and methyl formate (HCOOCH 3). Results. Only 2 transitions of methanol (A + , E 2) have been detected in the narrow window centered at 96.7 GHz (with an upper limit on E 1) in a very compact emission blob (∼ 7 corresponding to ∼ 1000 au) toward the NorthEast of the L1521F protostar. The CS 2-1 transition is also detected within the WideX bandwidth. Consistently, with what has been found in prestellar cores, the methanol emission appears ∼1000 au away from the dust peak. The location of the methanol blob coincides with one of the filaments previously reported in the literature. The excitation temperature of the gas inferred from methanol is (10±2) K, while the H 2 gas density (estimated from the detected CS 2-1 emission and previous CS 5-4 ALMA observations) is a factor >25 higher than the density in the surrounding environment (n(H 2) ≥10 7 cm −3). Conclusions. From its compactness, low excitation temperature and high gas density, we suggest that the methanol emission detected with NOEMA is i) either a cold and dense shock-induced blob, recently formed (≤ few hundred years) by infalling gas or ii) a cold and dense fragment that may have just been formed as a result of the intense gas dynamics found within the L1521F VeLLO system.
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C. Favre, C. Vastel, I. Jimenez-Serra, D. Quenard, P. Caselli, et al.. Seeds of Life in Space (SOLIS). VII. Discovery of a cold dense methanol blob toward the L1521F VeLLO system. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2020, 635, pp.A189. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/201937297⟩. ⟨hal-02565908⟩

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