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Conformational Toggle Switches Implicated in Basal Constitutive and Agonist-Induced Activated States of 5-Hydroxytryptamine-4 Receptors

Abstract : The extended classic ternary complex model predicts that a G protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) exists in only two interconvertible states: an inactive R, and an active R(*). However, different structural active R(*) complexes may exist in addition to a silent inactive R ground state (Rg). Here we demonstrate, in a cellular context, that several R(*) states of 5-hydroxytryptamine-4 (5-HT(4)) receptors involve different side-chain conformational toggle switches. Using site-directed mutagenesis and molecular modeling approaches, we show that the basal constitutive receptor (R(*)basal) results from stabilization of an obligatory double toggle switch (Thr3.36 from inactive g- to active g+ and Trp6.48 from inactive g+ to active t). Mutation of either threonine or tryptophan to alanine resulted in a lowering of the activity of the R(*)basal similar to the Rg. The T3.36A mutation shows that the Thr3.36 toggle switch plays a minor role in the stabilization of R(*) induced by 5-HT (R(*)-5-HT) and BIMU8 (R(*)-BIMU8) and is fully required in the stabilization of R(*) induced by (S)-zacopride, cisapride, and 1-(4-amino-5-chloro-2-methoxyphenyl)-3-(1-butyl-4-piperidinyl)-1-propanone (RS 67333) (R(*)-benzamides). Thus, benzamides stabilize R(*)-benzamides by forming a specific hydrogen bond with Thr3.36 in the active g+ conformation. Conversely, R(*)-BIMU8 was probably the result of a direct conformational transition of Trp6.48 from inactive g+ to active t by hydrogen bonding of this residue to a carboxyl group of BIMU8. We were surprised that the Trp6.48 toggle switch was not necessary for receptor activation by the natural agonist 5-HT. R(*)-5-HT is probably attained through other routes of activation. Thus, different conformational arrangements occur during stabilization of R(*)basal, R(*)-5-HT, R(*)-benzamides, and R(*)-BIMU8.
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Lucie P. Pellissier, Jessica Sallander, Mercedes Campillo, Florence Gaven, Emilie Queffeulou, et al.. Conformational Toggle Switches Implicated in Basal Constitutive and Agonist-Induced Activated States of 5-Hydroxytryptamine-4 Receptors. Molecular Pharmacology, American Society for Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics, 2009, 75 (4), pp.982-990. ⟨10.1124/mol.108.053686⟩. ⟨hal-02483472⟩

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