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Free-breathing 3D diffusion MRI for high-resolution hepatic metastasis characterization in small animals

Abstract : The goal of this study was to develop a 3D diffusion weighted sequence for free breathing liver imaging in small animals at high magnetic field. Hepatic metastases were detected and the apparent diffusion coefficients (ADC) were measured. A 3D SE-EPI sequence was developed by (i) inserting a water-selective excitation radiofrequency pulse to suppress adipose tissue signal and (ii) bipolar diffusion gradients to decrease the sensitivity to respiration motion. Mice with hepatic metastases were imaged at 7T by applying b values from 200 to 1100 s/mm 2. 3D images with high spatial resolution (182 9 156 9 125 lm) were obtained in only 8 min 32 s. The modified DW-SE-EPI sequence allowed to obtain 3D abdominal images of healthy mice with fat SNR 2.5 times lower than without any fat suppression method and sharpness 2.8 times higher than on respiration-triggered images. Due to the high spatial resolution , the core and the periphery of disseminated hepatic metastases were differentiated at high b-values only, demonstrating the presence of edema and proliferating cells (with ADC of 2.65 9 10-3 and 1.55 9 10-3 mm 2 /s, respectively). Furthermore, these metastases were accurately distinguished from proliferating ones within the same animal at high b-values (mean ADC of 0.38 9 10-3 mm 2 /s). Metastases of less than 1.7 mm 3 diameter were detected. The new 3D SE-EPI sequence enabled to obtain diffusion information within liver metastases. In addition of intra-metastasis heterogeneity, differences in diffusion were measured between metastases within an animal. This sequence could be used to obtain diffusion information at high magnetic field.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 18, 2020 - 5:49:36 PM
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Emeline Ribot, Aurélien Trotier, Charles Castets, Benjamin Dallaudière, Eric Thiaudière, et al.. Free-breathing 3D diffusion MRI for high-resolution hepatic metastasis characterization in small animals. Clinical and Experimental Metastasis, Springer Verlag, 2016, 33 (2), pp.167-178. ⟨10.1007/s10585-015-9766-6⟩. ⟨hal-02404816⟩

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