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Degradation and Transformability of DNA from Transgenic Leaves

Abstract : The fate of transplastomic (chloroplast genome contains the transgene) tobacco plant DNA in planta was studied when the plant leaves were subjected to decay conditions simulating those encountered naturally, including grinding, incubation with cellulase or enzymes produced by Erwinia chrysanthemi, and attack by the plant pathogen Ralstonia solanacearum. Direct visualization of DNA on agarose gels, gene extraction yield (the number of amplifiable aadA sequences in extracted plant DNA), and the frequency that recipient bacteria can be transformed by plant DNA were used to evaluate the quality and quantity of plant DNA and the transgene. These measurements were used to monitor the physical and biological degradation of DNA inside decaying plant tissues. Our results indicate that while most of the DNA will be degraded inside plant cells, sufficient DNA persists to be released into the soil.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 9, 2019 - 12:18:45 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 21, 2020 - 1:27:20 AM

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M. Ceccherini, J. Pote, E. Kay, V. Van, J. Marechal, et al.. Degradation and Transformability of DNA from Transgenic Leaves. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology, 2003, 69 (1), pp.673-678. ⟨10.1128/aem.69.1.673-678.2003⟩. ⟨hal-02399972⟩

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