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Modelling the abundance structure of isocyanic acid (HNCO) towards the low-mass solar type protostar IRAS 16293–2422

Abstract : Isocyanic acid (HNCO), the most stable of the simplest molecules containing the four main elements essential for organic chemistry, has been observed in several astrophysical environments such as molecular clouds, star-forming regions, external galaxies, and comets. In this work, we model HNCO spectral line profiles towards the low-mass solar type protostar IRAS 16293-2422 observed with the ALMA interferometer, the IRAM, JCMT, and APEX single-dish radio telescopes, and the HIFI instrument on board the Herschel Space Observatory. In star-forming environments, the HNCO emission is not always in Local Thermodynamical Equilibrium (LTE). A non-LTE radiative transfer approach is necessary to properly interpret the line profiles, and accurate collisional rate coefficients are needed. Here, we used the RADEX package with a completely new set of collisional quenching rates between HNCO and both ortho-H2 and para-H2 obtained from quantum chemical calculations yielding a novel potential energy surface in the rigid rotor approximation. We find that the lines profiles towards IRAS 16293-2422 are very well reproduced if we assume that the HNCO emission arises from a compact, dense, and hot physical component associated with the hot corino, a warm component associated with the internal part of the protostellar envelope, and a cold and more extended component associated with the outer envelope. The derived HNCO abundances from our model agree well with those computed with the NAUTILUS chemical code.
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https://hal-cnrs.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02390865
Contributor : Laurent Wiesenfeld <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, December 3, 2019 - 12:23:30 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 7, 2020 - 1:40:06 PM

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Antonio Hernández-Gómez, Emna Sahnoun, Emmanuel Caux, Laurent Wiesenfeld, Laurent Loinard, et al.. Modelling the abundance structure of isocyanic acid (HNCO) towards the low-mass solar type protostar IRAS 16293–2422. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Oxford University Press (OUP): Policy P - Oxford Open Option A, 2019, 483 (2), pp.2014-2030. ⟨10.1093/mnras/sty2971⟩. ⟨hal-02390865⟩

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