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Hydrothermal alteration of the Ediacaran Volyn-Brest volcanics on the western margin of the East European Craton

Abstract : The Ediacaran continental flood basalts and associated tuffs were studied to identify and quantify alteration processes by means of XRD and chemistry, supplemented by Mössbauer and FTIR spectroscopies, petrography, oxygen and iron isotopes, K-Ar dating, and organic geochemistry. Two superimposed alteration processes were identified: the Ediacaran hydrothermal alteration, induced by meteoric waters, heated and put in motion by the cooling basalt, and the Caledonian and/or Variscan potassic alteration. The degree of basalt alteration was quantified using as an index the sum of primary minerals in the bulk rock. The sequence of minerals dissolved and crystallized during the hydrothermal alteration was established. The alteration resulted in the loss of Ca (dissolution of plagioclases), compensated by the gain of Both mineral and chemical composition of tuffs vary continuously from basaltic to felsic, the latter close to the measured rhyodacite composition, dominated by quartz and feldspars. The basaltic tuffs resemble the most altered basalts but contain also abundant albite and chlorite, indicative of higher alteration temperatures, up to 220 o C. Tuff composition indicates stronger component of felsic volcanism in the trap formation than evidenced by the preserved bodies of effusive rocks.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 1, 2020 - 8:57:46 PM
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Jan Środoń, Oksana Kuzmenkova, Jan Stanek, Sabine Petit, Daniel Beaufort, et al.. Hydrothermal alteration of the Ediacaran Volyn-Brest volcanics on the western margin of the East European Craton. Precambrian Research, Elsevier, 2019, 325, pp.217-235. ⟨10.1016/j.precamres.2019.02.015⟩. ⟨hal-02363102⟩



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