A. Ashoub, W. Rohde, and D. Prufer, In planta transcription of a second subgenomic RNA increases the complexity of the subgroup 2 luteovirus genome, Nucleic Acids Res, vol.26, pp.420-426, 1998.

D. Baulcombe, Viruses and gene silencing in plants, Arch. Virol. Suppl, vol.15, pp.189-201, 1999.

N. Baumberger and D. C. Baulcombe, Arabidopsis ARGONAUTE1 is an RNA slicer that selectively recruits microRNAs and short interfering RNAs, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A, vol.102, pp.11928-11933, 2005.

N. Baumberger, C. H. Tsai, M. Lie, E. Havecker, and D. C. Baulcombe, The Polerovirus silencing suppressor P0 targets ARGONAUTE proteins for degradation, Curr. Biol, vol.17, pp.1609-1614, 2007.

C. Bendix and J. D. Lewis, Review the enemy within?: phloem-limited pathogens, Mol. Plant Pathol, vol.9, pp.238-254, 2016.

H. S. Bennypaul, J. S. Mutti, S. Rustgi, N. Kumar, P. A. Okubara et al., Virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) of genes expressed in root, leaf, and meiotic tissues of wheat, Funct. Integr. Genomics, vol.12, pp.143-156, 2012.

G. Beyene, R. D. Chauhan, and N. J. Taylor, A rapid virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) method for assessing resistance and susceptibility to cassava mosaic disease, Virol. J, vol.14, p.47, 2017.

S. Boissinot, E. Pichon, C. Sorin, C. Piccini, D. Scheidecker et al., Systemic propagation of a fluorescent infectious clone of a Polerovirus following inoculation by agrobacteria and aphids, Viruses, vol.9, p.166, 2017.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01586675

D. Bortolamiol, D. Bortolamiol, M. Pazhouhandeh, K. Marrocco, P. Genschik et al., The Polerovirus F box protein P0 targets ARGONAUTE1 to suppress RNA silencing, Les Polerovirus: Mode d'action de Leur Suppresseur et Approche Génétique du Tropisme Phloémien. Available at, vol.17, pp.1615-1621, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00187898

V. Brault, M. Bergdoll, J. Mutterer, V. Prasad, S. Pfeffer et al., Effects of point mutations in the major capsid protein of beet western yellows virus on capsid formation, virus accumulation, 2003.

, J. Virol, vol.77, pp.3247-3256

V. Brault, S. Pfeffer, M. Erdinger, J. Mutterer, and V. Ziegler-graff, Virus-induced gene silencing in transgenic plants expressing the minor capsid protein of Beet western yellows virus, Mol. Plant Microbe Interact, vol.15, pp.799-807, 2002.

V. Brault, J. F. Van-den-heuvel, M. Verbeek, V. Ziegler-graff, A. Reutenauer et al., Aphid transmission of beet western yellows luteovirus requires the minor capsid read-through protein P74, Mol. Plant Microbe Interact, vol.14, pp.1323-1331, 1995.

A. Bruyère, V. Brault, V. Ziegler-graff, M. Simonis, . Van-den et al., Effects of mutations in the beet western yellows virus readthrough protein on its expression and packaging and on virus accumulation, symptoms, and aphid transmission, Virology, vol.230, pp.323-334, 1997.

T. M. Burch-smith, J. C. Anderson, G. B. Martin, and S. P. Dinesh-kumar, Applications and advantages of virus-induced gene silencing for gene function studies in plants, Plant J, vol.39, pp.734-746, 2004.

X. Z. Cai, Q. F. Xu, C. C. Wang, and Z. Zheng, Development of a virusinduced gene-silencing system for functional analysis of the RPS2-dependent resistance signalling pathways in Arabidopsis, Plant Mol. Biol, vol.62, pp.223-232, 2006.

T. Cayla, B. Batailler, R. Hir, F. Le-revers, J. A. Anstead et al., Live imaging of companion cells and sieve elements in Arabidopsis leaves, PLoS One, vol.10, p.118122, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01204157

C. A. Chay, U. B. Gunasinge, S. P. Dinesh-kumar, W. A. Miller, and S. M. Gray, Aphid transmission and systemic plant infection determinants of barley yellow dwarf luteovirus-PAV are contained in the coat protein readthrough domain and 17-kDa protein, respectively. Virology, vol.219, pp.57-65, 1996.

J. C. Chen, C. Z. Jiang, T. E. Gookin, D. A. Hunter, D. G. Clark et al., Chalcone synthase as a reporter in virus-induced gene silencing studies of flower senescence, Plant Mol. Biol, vol.55, pp.521-530, 2004.

S. T. Chisholm, M. A. Parra, R. J. Anderberg, and J. C. Carrington, , 2001.

, Arabidopsis RTM1 and RTM2 genes function in phloem to restrict longdistance movement of tobacco etch virus, Plant Physiol, vol.127, pp.1667-1675

B. N. Chung, T. Canto, and P. Palukaitis, Stability of recombinant plant viruses containing genes of unrelated plant viruses, J. Gen. Virol, vol.88, pp.1347-1355, 2007.

G. D. Constantin, B. N. Krath, S. A. Macfarlane, M. Nicolaisen, I. Elisabeth-johansen et al., Virus-induced gene silencing as a tool for functional genomics in a legume species, Plant J, vol.40, pp.622-631, 2004.

P. Cosson, V. Schurdi-levraud, Q. H. Le, O. Sicard, M. Caballero et al., The RTM resistance to potyviruses in Arabidopsis thaliana: natural variation of the RTM genes and evidence for the implication of additional genes, PLoS One, vol.7, p.39169, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00716992

T. Csorba, R. Lozsa, G. Hutvagner, and J. Burgyan, Polerovirus protein P0 prevents the assembly of small RNA-containing RISC complexes and leads to degradation of ARGONAUTE1, Plant J, vol.62, pp.463-472, 2010.

V. C. Delfosse, M. F. Casse, Y. C. Agrofoglio, I. B. Kresic, H. E. Hopp et al., Agroinoculation of a full-length cDNA clone of cotton leafroll dwarf virus (CLRDV) results in systemic infection in cotton and the model plant Nicotiana benthamiana, Virus Res, vol.175, pp.64-70, 2013.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00834088

B. Derrien, N. Baumberger, M. Schepetilnikov, C. Viotti, J. De-cillia et al., Degradation of the antiviral component ARGONAUTE1 by the autophagy pathway, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A, vol.109, pp.15942-15946, 2012.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00740818

S. W. Ding and O. Voinnet, Antiviral immunity directed by small RNAs, Cell, vol.130, pp.413-426, 2007.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00176625

X. S. Ding, S. W. Mannas, B. A. Bishop, X. Rao, M. Lecoultre et al., An improved brome mosaic virus silencing vector: greater insert stability and more extensive VIGS, Plant Physiol, vol.176, pp.496-510, 2017.

E. Domingo and J. J. Holland, Rna virus mutations and fitness for survival, Annu. Rev. Microbiol, vol.51, pp.151-178, 1997.

S. Duffy, L. A. Shackelton, and E. C. Holmes, Rates of evolutionary change in viruses: patterns and determinants, Nat. Rev. Genet, vol.9, pp.267-276, 2008.

M. J. Esparza-araiza, B. Bañuelos-hernández, G. R. Argüello-astorga, J. P. Lara-Ávila, P. H. Goodwin et al., Evaluation of a SUMO E2 conjugating enzyme involved in resistance to Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis in Solanum peruvianum, through a tomato mottle virus VIGS assay, Front. Plant Sci, vol.6, p.1019, 2015.

O. Faivre-rampant, E. M. Gilroy, K. Hrubikova, I. Hein, S. Millam et al., Potato virus X-induced gene silencing in leaves and tubers of potato, Plant Physiol, vol.134, pp.1308-1316, 2004.

D. Fu, B. Zhu, H. Zhu, W. Jiang, Y. Luo et al., Development of a gene silencing DNA vector derived from a broad host range geminivirus, Plant Methods, vol.43, p.9, 2005.

C. Himber, P. Dunoyer, G. Moissiard, C. Ritzenthaler, and O. Voinnet, Transitivity-dependent and -independent cell-to-cell movement of RNA silencing, EMBO J, vol.22, pp.4523-4533, 2003.

C. Hipper, B. Monsion, D. Bortolamiol-bécet, V. Ziegler-graff, and V. Brault, Formation of virions is strictly required for turnip yellows virus longdistance movement in plants, J. Gen. Virol, vol.95, issue.2, pp.496-505, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00934497

R. Kant and I. Dasgupta, Phenotyping of VIGS-mediated gene silencing in rice using a vector derived from a DNA virus, Plant Cell Rep, vol.36, pp.1159-1170, 2017.

S. Kjemtrup, K. S. Sampson, C. G. Peele, L. V. Nguyen, M. A. Conkling et al., Gene silencing from plant DNA carried by a Geminivirus, Plant J, vol.14, pp.91-100, 1998.

E. Klein, V. Brault, D. Klein, G. Weyens, M. Lefèbvre et al., Divergence of host range and biological properties between natural isolate and full-length infectious cDNA clone of the Beet mild yellowing virus2ITB, Mol. Plant Pathol, vol.15, pp.22-30, 2014.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00934499

B. Krenz, A. Bronikowski, X. Lu, H. Ziebell, J. R. Thompson et al., Visual monitoring of Cucumber mosaic virus infection in Nicotiana benthamiana following transmission by the aphid vector Myzus persicae, J. Gen. Virol, vol.96, pp.2904-2912, 2016.

J. Kumar, S. Gunapati, J. Kumar, A. Kumari, A. Kumar et al., Virus-induced gene silencing using a modified betasatellite: a potential candidate for functional genomics of crops, Arch. Virol, vol.159, pp.2109-2113, 2014.

N. K. Kushwaha and S. Chakraborty, Chilli leaf curl virus -based vector for phloem-specific silencing of endogenous genes and overexpression of foreign genes, Appl. Microbiol. Biotechnol, vol.101, pp.2121-2129, 2017.

C. Lacomme, K. Hrubikova, and I. Hein, Enhancement of virus-induced gene silencing through viral-based production of inverted-repeats, Plant J, vol.34, pp.543-553, 2003.

U. K. Laemmli, Cleavage of structural proteins during the assembly of the head of bacteriophage T4, Nature, vol.227, pp.680-685, 1970.

L. Lee, I. B. Kaplan, D. R. Ripoll, D. Liang, P. Palukaitis et al., A surface loop of the potato leafroll virus coat protein is involved in virion assembly, systemic movement, and aphid transmission, J. Virol, vol.79, pp.1207-1214, 2005.

R. M. Leiser, V. Ziegler-graff, A. Reutenauer, E. Herrbach, O. Lemaire et al., Agroinfection as an alternative to insects for infecting plants with beet western yellows luteovirus, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A, vol.89, pp.9136-9140, 1992.

, Frontiers in Microbiology | www.frontiersin.org

M. Liou, Y. Huang, C. Hu, N. Lin, and Y. Hsu, A dual gene-silencing vector system for monocot and dicot plants, Plant Biotechnol. J, vol.12, pp.330-343, 2014.

Y. Liu, N. Nakayama, M. Schiff, A. Litt, V. F. Irish et al., Virus induced gene silencing of a DEFICIENS ortholog in Nicotiana Benthamiana, Plant Mol. Biol, vol.54, pp.701-711, 2004.

Y. L. Liu, M. Schiff, and S. P. Dinesh-kumar, Virus-induced gene silencing in tomato, Plant J, vol.31, pp.777-786, 2002.

S. K. Mahajan, S. T. Chisholm, S. A. Whitham, and J. C. Carrington, Identification and characterization of a locus (RTM1) that restricts longdistance movement of tobacco etch virus in Arabidopsis thaliana, Plant J, vol.14, pp.177-186, 1998.

E. Majer, J. A. Daròs, and M. P. Zwart, Stability and fitness impact of the visually discernible Rosea1 marker in the Tobacco etch virus genome, Viruses, vol.5, pp.2153-2168, 2013.

S. Mantelin, H. C. Peng, B. Li, H. S. Atamian, F. L. Takken et al., The receptor-like kinase SlSERK1 is required for Mi-1-mediated resistance to potato aphids in tomato, Plant J, vol.67, pp.459-471, 2011.

M. A. Mayo and V. Ziegler-graff, Molecular biology of luteoviruses, Adv. Virus Res, vol.46, pp.60077-60086, 1996.

Y. Mei, C. Zhang, B. M. Kernodle, J. H. Hill, and S. A. Whitham, A foxtail mosaic virus vector for virus-induced gene silencing in maize, Plant Physiol, vol.171, pp.760-772, 2016.

C. W. Melnyk, A. Molnar, and D. C. Baulcombe, Intercellular and systemic movement of RNA silencing signals, EMBO J, vol.30, pp.3553-3563, 2011.

S. Nagaraj, M. Senthil-kumar, V. S. Ramu, K. Wang, and K. S. Mysore, Plant ribosomal proteins, RPL12 and RPL19, play a role in nonhost disease resistance against bacterial pathogens. Front, Plant Sci, vol.6, p.1192, 2016.

P. D. Nagy and A. E. Simon, New insights into the mechanisms of RNA recombination, Virology, vol.235, pp.1-9, 1997.

K. M. Nurkiyanova, E. V. Ryabov, U. Commandeur, G. H. Duncan, T. Canto et al., Tagging potato leafroll virus with the jellyfish green fluorescent protein gene, J. Gen. Virol, vol.81, pp.617-626, 2000.

M. Pazhouhandeh, M. Dieterle, K. Marrocco, E. Lechner, B. Berry et al., F-box-like domain in the polerovirus protein P0 is required for silencing suppressor function, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A, vol.103, 1994.

J. R. Peart, P. Mestre, R. Lu, I. Malcuit, and D. C. Baulcombe, NRG1, a CC-NB-LRR protein, together with N, a TIR-NB-LRR protein, mediates resistance against tobacco mosaic virus, Curr. Biol, vol.15, pp.968-973, 2005.

S. Pflieger, S. Blanchet, L. Camborde, G. Drugeon, A. Rousseau et al., Efficient virus-induced gene silencing in Arabidopsis using a "onestep" TYMV-derived vector, Plant J, vol.56, pp.678-690, 2008.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00319464

D. Prüfer, C. Wipf-scheibel, K. Richards, H. Guilley, H. Lecoq et al., Synthesis of a full-length infectious cDNA clone of cucurbit aphidborne yellows virus and its use in gene exchange experiments with structural proteins from other luteoviruses, Virology, vol.214, pp.150-158, 1995.

. R-core-team, R: A Language and Environment for Statistical Computing, Vienna: R Foundation Statistical. Computing, 2017.

V. Ramegowda, K. S. Mysore, and M. Kumar, Virus-induced gene silencing is a versatile tool for unraveling the functional relevance of multiple abiotic-stress-responsive genes in crop plants, Front. Plant Sci, vol.5, p.323, 2014.

F. Ratcliff, A. M. Martin-hernandez, and D. C. Baulcombe, Technical advance: tobacco rattle virus as a vector for analysis of gene function by silencing, Plant J, vol.25, pp.237-245, 2001.

A. Reutenauer, V. Ziegler-graff, H. Lot, D. Scheidecker, H. Guilley et al., Identification of beet western yellows luteovirus genes implicated in viral replication and particle morphogenesis, Virology, vol.195, pp.692-699, 1993.

F. Revers and J. A. Garcia, Molecular biology of potyvirus, Adv. Virus Res, vol.92, pp.101-199, 2015.

M. I. Reyes, M. A. Flores-vergara, O. Guerra-peraza, C. Rajabu, J. Desai et al., A VIGS screen identifies immunity in the Arabidopsis Pla-1 accession to viruses in two different genera of the Geminiviridae, Plant J, vol.92, pp.796-807, 2017.

C. Rodriguez-medina, S. Boissinot, S. Chapuis, D. Gereige, M. Rastegar et al., A protein kinase binds the C-terminal domain of the readthrough protein of Turnip yellows virus and regulates virus accumulation, Virology, vol.486, pp.44-53, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02640267

C. M. Ryu, A. Anand, L. Kang, and K. S. Mysore, Agrodrench: a novel and effective agroinoculation method for virus-induced gene silencing in roots and diverse Solanaceous species, Plant J, vol.40, pp.322-331, 2004.

S. R. Scofield and R. S. Nelson, Resources for virus-induced gene silencing in the grasses, Plant Physiol, vol.149, pp.152-157, 2009.

M. Senthil-kumar and K. S. Mysore, New dimensions for VIGS in plant functional genomics, Trends Plant Sci, vol.16, pp.656-665, 2011.

E. Smirnova, A. E. Firth, W. A. Miller, D. Scheidecker, V. Brault et al., Discovery of a small non-AUG-initiated ORF in Poleroviruses and Luteoviruses that is required for long-distance movement, PLoS Pathog, vol.11, p.1004868, 2015.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01152895

M. A. Turnage, N. Muangsan, C. G. Peele, and D. Robertson, , 2002.

T. Valentine, J. Shaw, V. C. Blok, M. S. Phillips, K. J. Oparka et al., Effcient virus-induced gene silencing in roots using a modifed tobacco rattle virus vector, Plant Physiol, vol.30, pp.3999-4009, 2004.

P. M. Waterhouse and C. A. Helliwell, Exploring plant genomes by RNA-induced gene silencing, Nat. Rev. Genet, vol.4, pp.29-38, 2003.

S. A. Whitham, M. L. Yamamoto, and J. C. Carrington, Selectable viruses and altered susceptibility mutants in Arabidopsis thaliana, Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A, vol.96, pp.772-777, 1999.

H. Zhang, W. Teng, J. Liang, X. Liu, H. Zhang et al., MADS1, a novel MADS-box protein, is involved in the response of Nicotiana benthamiana to bacterial harpinXoofile:///users/ziegler/documents/mantelin 2011-plant J. aphid rce.pdf, J. Exp. Bot, vol.67, pp.131-141, 2016.

W. Zhang, Z. Cheng, L. Xu, M. Wu, P. Waterhouse et al., The complete nucleotide sequence of the barley yellow dwarf GPV isolate from China shows that it is a new member of the genus Polerovirus, Arch. Virol, vol.154, pp.1125-1128, 2009.

X. Zhang, Y. R. Yuan, Y. Pei, S. S. Lin, T. Tuschl et al., Cucumber mosaic virus-encoded 2b suppressor inhibits Arabidopsis Argonaute1 cleavage activity to counter plant defense, Genes Dev, vol.20, pp.3255-3268, 2006.

X. Zhong, H. Hou, and W. Qiu, Integrity of nonviral fragments in recombinant tomato bushy stunt virus and defective interfering RNA is influenced by silencing and the type of inserts, Mol. Plant Microbe Interact, vol.18, pp.800-807, 2005.

V. Ziegler-graff, V. Brault, J. D. Mutterer, M. Simonis, E. Herrbach et al., The coat protein of beet western yellows luteovirus is essential for systemic infection but the viral gene products P29 and P19 are dispensable for systemic infection and aphid transmission, Mol. Plant Microbe Interact, vol.9, pp.501-510, 1996.