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Journal Articles Scientific Reports Year : 2022

Direct observations of pure electron outflow in magnetic reconnection

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K. Sakai
  • Function : Author
T. Moritaka
  • Function : Author
T. Morita
  • Function : Author
K. Tomita
  • Function : Author
T. Minami
  • Function : Author
T. Nishimoto
  • Function : Author
S. Egashira
  • Function : Author
M. Ota
  • Function : Author
Y. Sakawa
  • Function : Author
N. Ozaki
  • Function : Author
R. Kodama
  • Function : Author
T. Kojima
  • Function : Author
T. Takezaki
  • Function : Author
R. Yamazaki
  • Function : Author
S J Tanaka
  • Function : Author
K. Aihara
  • Function : Author
N. Woolsey
  • Function : Author
S. Matsukiyo
  • Function : Author
H. Takabe
  • Function : Author
M. Hoshino
  • Function : Author
Y. Kuramitsu
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Magnetic reconnection is a universal process in space, astrophysical, and laboratory plasmas. It alters magnetic field topology and results in energy release to the plasma. Here we report the experimental results of a pure electron outflow in magnetic reconnection, which is not accompanied with ion flows. By controlling an applied magnetic field in a laser produced plasma, we have constructed an experiment that magnetizes the electrons but not the ions. This allows us to isolate the electron dynamics from the ions. Collective Thomson scattering measurements reveal the electron Alfvénic outflow without ion outflow. The resultant plasmoid and whistler waves are observed with the magnetic induction probe measurements. We observe the unique features of electron-scale magnetic reconnection simultaneously in laser produced plasmas, including global structures, local plasma parameters, magnetic field, and waves.
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Dates and versions

hal-03842519 , version 1 (07-11-2022)

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K. Sakai, T. Moritaka, T. Morita, K. Tomita, T. Minami, et al.. Direct observations of pure electron outflow in magnetic reconnection. Scientific Reports, 2022, 12 (1), pp.10921. ⟨10.1038/s41598-022-14582-3⟩. ⟨hal-03842519⟩
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