Femtosecond laser-induced sub-wavelength plasma inside dielectrics. II. Second-harmonic generation - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Physics of Plasmas Year : 2022

Femtosecond laser-induced sub-wavelength plasma inside dielectrics. II. Second-harmonic generation

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Abstract

Second-harmonic emission at a frequency that is twice the laser frequency is an important diagnostic for nonlinear laser–plasma interaction. It is forbidden for centrosymmetric materials such as the bulk of sapphire. The symmetry, however, can be broken by dielectric discontinuities as a result of plasma generation inside a solid dielectric. In the present work, we explore the basic characteristics of experimentally observed second-harmonic emission during focusing a femtosecond Bessel beam inside sapphire. We employ three-dimensional particle-in-cell simulations and the Helmholtz wave equation for theoretical investigations. We analyze how the efficiency of second-harmonic generation and its polarization depend on the plasma parameters. We find that the second-harmonic is generated either due to the coalescence of two-surface electromagnetic waves or nonlinear interaction between the transverse electromagnetic wave and the longitudinal electron plasma wave driven by linear mode conversion. Experimental results agree with the theoretical predictions and confirm the existence of over-critical plasma inside the sapphire that is essential for the resonance of plasma waves or excitation of surface plasmons.
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Dates and versions

hal-03813299 , version 1 (13-10-2022)

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Kazem Ardaneh, Mostafa Hassan, Benoît Morel, Rémi Meyer, Remo Giust, et al.. Femtosecond laser-induced sub-wavelength plasma inside dielectrics. II. Second-harmonic generation. Physics of Plasmas, 2022, 29 (7), pp.072716. ⟨10.1063/5.0090270⟩. ⟨hal-03813299⟩
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