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Structural transitions in TCTP tumor protein upon Mcl-1 binding

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Ludovic Carlier
Ewen Lescop

Abstract

Translationally Controlled Tumour Protein (TCTP) is a pro-survival factor in tumor cells. TCTP inhibits the mitochondrial apoptosis pathway by potentiating the anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family members Mcl-1 and Bcl-xL. Specifically, TCTP binds Bcl-xL and inhibits the Bax-dependent Bcl-xL-induced cytochrome c release and TCTP reduces Mcl-1 turnover by inhibiting its ubiquitinylation, thus resulting in decreased Mcl-1 mediated apoptosis. TCTP owns a BH3-like motif forming a β-strand buried in the globular domain of the protein. The crystal structure of TCTP BH3-like peptide in complex with Bcl-xL highlighted the α-helical conformation of TCTP BH3-like motif, suggesting major changes in TCTP structure upon complex formation. However, the structural impact of the interaction on the full-length TCTP and the structural description of TCTP/Mcl-1 interaction are still lacking. Here using biophysical/biochemical methods (NMR, SAXS, circular dichroism, limited proteolysis), we provide an in-depth description of the TCTP/Mcl-1 complex. We demonstrate that full length TCTP binds to the BH3 binding groove of Mcl-1 via its BH3-like motif which interconverts between different binding modes at the micro- to milli-second timescale. As a consequence of the engagement of the BH3-like motif in the interface, the TCTP globular domain is destabilized into a molten-globule state. We also establish that the residue D16 in TCTP BH3-like motif is crucial for the stability and dynamics of the intermolecular interface. As a conclusion, we reveal here in details the structural plasticity of TCTP and discuss its implications for TCTP biology and for future anticancer drug design strategies aiming at targeting TCTP complexes.
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Dates and versions

hal-03864191 , version 1 (21-11-2022)

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Florian Malard, Christina Sizun, Aurélien Thureau, Ludovic Carlier, Ewen Lescop. Structural transitions in TCTP tumor protein upon Mcl-1 binding. 2022. ⟨hal-03864191⟩
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