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Generic Stress Rectification in Nonlinear Elastic Media

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Abstract

Stress propagation in nonlinear media is crucial in cell biology, where molecular motors exert anisotropic force dipoles on the fibrous cytoskeleton. While the force dipoles can be either contractile or expansile, a medium made of fibers which buckle under compression rectifies these stresses towards a biologically crucial contraction. A general understanding of this rectification phenomenon as a function of the medium's elasticity is however lacking. Here we use theoretical continuum elasticity to show that rectification is actually a very general effect in nonlinear materials subjected to anisotropic internal stresses. We analytically show that both bucklable and constitutively linear materials subjected to geometrical nonlinearities rectify small forces towards contraction, while granular-like materials rectify towards expansion. Using simulations, we moreover show that these results extend to larger forces. Beyond fiber networks, these results could shed light on the propagation of stresses in brittle or granular materials following a local plastic rearrangement.
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Dates and versions

hal-03805460 , version 1 (07-10-2022)

Identifiers

  • HAL Id : hal-03805460 , version 1

Cite

Martin Lenz, Félix Benoist, Guglielmo Saggiorato. Generic Stress Rectification in Nonlinear Elastic Media. 2022. ⟨hal-03805460⟩
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