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Achieving one-dimensionality with attractive fermions

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Abstract

In this article we discuss the accuracy of effective one-dimensional theories used to describe the behavior of ultracold atomic ensembles confined in quantum wires by a harmonic trap. We derive within a fully many-body approach the effective Hamiltonian describing this class of systems and we calculate the beyond-mean field corrections to the energy of the ground state arising from virtual transitions towards excited state of the confining potential. We find that, due to the Pauli principle, effective finite-range corrections are one of magnitude larger than effective three-body interactions. By comparing to exact solutions of the purely 1D problem, we conclude that a 1D effective theory provides a good description of the ground state of the system for a rather large range of interaction parameters.
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Dates and versions

hal-03836203 , version 1 (01-11-2022)

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F Chevy, G Orso. Achieving one-dimensionality with attractive fermions. 2022. ⟨hal-03836203⟩
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