Potential origin of the state-dependent high-energy tail in the black hole microquasar Cygnus X-1 as seen with INTEGRAL - Archive ouverte HAL Access content directly
Journal Articles Astron.Astrophys. Year : 2021

Potential origin of the state-dependent high-energy tail in the black hole microquasar Cygnus X-1 as seen with INTEGRAL

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Abstract

Context. 0.1–10 MeV observations of the black hole microquasar Cygnus X-1 have shown the presence of a spectral feature in the form of a power law in addition to the standard black body (0.1–10 keV) and Comptonization (10–200 keV) components observed by INTEGRAL in several black-hole X-ray binaries. This so-called “high-energy tail” was recently shown to be strong in the hard spectral state of Cygnus X-1, and, in this system, has been interpreted as the high-energy part of the emission from a compact jet.Aims. This result was nevertheless obtained from a data set largely dominated by hard state observations. In the soft state, only upper limits on the presence and hence the potential parameters of a high-energy tail could be derived. Using an extended data set, we aim to obtain better constraints on the properties of this spectral component in both states.Methods. We make use of data obtained from about 15 years of observations with the INTEGRAL satellite. The data set is separated into the different states and we analyze stacked state-resolved spectra obtained from the X-ray monitors, the gamma-ray imager, and the gamma-ray spectrometer (SPI) onboard.Results. A high-energy component is detected in both states, confirming its earlier detection in the hard state and its suspected presence in the soft state with INTEGRAL, as seen in a much smaller SPI data set. We first characterize the high-energy tail components in the two states through a model-independent, phenomenological analysis. We then apply physical models based on hybrid Comptonization (eqpair and belm). The spectra are well modeled in all cases, with a similar goodness of the fits. While in the semi-phenomenological approach the high-energy tail has similar indices in both states, the fits with the physical models seem to indicate slightly different properties. Based on this approach, we discuss the potential origins of the high-energy components in both the soft and hard states, and favor an interpretation where the high-energy component is due to a compact jet in the hard state and hybrid Comptonization in either a magnetized or nonmagnetized corona in the soft state.Key words: accretion, accretion disks / radiation mechanisms: non-thermal / X-rays: binaries / X-rays: individuals: Cyg X-1 / black hole physics
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Dates and versions

hal-03157124 , version 1 (10-06-2022)

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F. Cangemi, F. Cangemi, T. Beuchert, T. Beuchert, T. Siegert, et al.. Potential origin of the state-dependent high-energy tail in the black hole microquasar Cygnus X-1 as seen with INTEGRAL. Astron.Astrophys., 2021, 650, pp.A93. ⟨10.1051/0004-6361/202038604⟩. ⟨hal-03157124⟩
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